Confluence vs. DokuWiki vs. MoinMoin vs. TWiki vs. XWiki

General Features Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Version
5.2
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
1.9.11
TWiki-6.1.0
14.4
Last Release Date
2013-08-12 (8 years ago)
2020-07-19 (1 year ago)
2020-11-07 (1 year ago)
2018-07-15 (3 years ago)
2022-05-22 (7 days ago)
Last Update here
2013-08-22 (8 years ago)
2021-08-09 (9 months ago)
2020-11-08 (1 year ago)
2019-07-19 (2 years ago)
2022-05-24 (5 days ago)
Author
Atlassian
Andreas Gohr
https://moinmo.in/MoinCoreTeamGroup
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
XWiki Development Team
URL
Free and Open Source
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
GPL 2
GPL
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Programming Language
Java
PHP
Python
Perl, JavaScript
Java
Data Storage
Database
Files
Files
Files, RCS
Database, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Enterprise + Technical Teams
personal, small to medium companies
Everybody with <<100.000 pages. :)
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Hosting Features Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Storage Quota
Unlimited
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
Yes
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Own Domain
Optional
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Ads allowed
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
System Requirements Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Operating System
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably any platform with Python 2.3+
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache Tomcat
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Standalone, WSGI (e.g. Apache+mod_wsgi) - others like CGI, FastCGI, SCGI, AJP, ... via middlewares
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Servlet 3.1+
Other Requirements
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
None
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Datastorage Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Text Files
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
MySQL
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Oracle
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
SQLite
No
No
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Other
None
No
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
modular, scriptable. OpenID, ldap/AD, http, cookie, ssl client cert, interwiki, others possible
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
No
Mail Encryption
Optional
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Optional
Optional
No
Plugin
No
Blacklist
No
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
No
Optional
No
Plugin
Yes
Development/Support Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
3285 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Interface Languages
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
1
English
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Comments
Threaded
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
No
Unknown
Plugin
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Links Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
HTML Tags
Optional
Optional
Some
All
All
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Tables
simple + complex
simple
complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
No
No
Yes
Textile Support
Yes
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Scripting
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Optional, PHP
plugins, see comment ---------------->
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Usability Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Section Editing
No
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
No
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Statistics Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Output Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Optional
Abbreviations
No
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
No
Unknown
Yes
Media and Files Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Contents
Extras Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Forums
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Yes
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
No
No
Unknown
Plugin
Syntax Examples Confluence DokuWiki MoinMoin TWiki XWiki
Internal Link
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
CamelCaseLink or [[free link]]

[[target|label|params]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
External Link
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
http://google.de/ or
[[http://google.de/ | Google]] or
file://///server/share/file
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
Headlines
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
= Level 1 =
== Level 2 ==
=== Level 3 ===
==== Level 4 ====
===== Level 5 =====
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
Bold Format
*bold*
**bold**
'''bold'''
'''strong emphasised'''
*bold*
**bold**
Italics Format
_italics_
//italics//
''italic''
''emphasised''
_italic_
//Italics//
Underline Format
+underline+
__underlined__
__underline__
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
Monospace Format
{{monospace}}
''monospace''
`monospaced`
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
##monospace##
Strikethrough Format
-strikethrough-
<del>strikethrough</del>
--(strikethrough)--
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--Strike--
Superscript Format
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
~subscript~
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/foo.jpg}}
{{attachment:foo.jpg | alt text}}
{{target|alt|params}}
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
Plugin
only in tables:
||<(> left ||<:> middle ||<)> right ||
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
N/A
indented text
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
Numbered Lists
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
Definition Lists
Plugin
term:: definition
$ Term: Definition
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
-----
------
---
----
remove Confluence remove DokuWiki remove MoinMoin remove TWiki remove XWiki