Confluence vs. DokuWiki vs. XWiki vs. TWiki vs. Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware vs. Wikia

General Features Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Version
5.2
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
14.10.3
TWiki-6.1.0
24.2 LTS, 21.7 LTS, 18.9 LTS
N/A
Last Release Date
2013-08-12 (9 years ago)
2020-07-19 (2 years ago)
2023-01-09 (20 days ago)
2018-07-15 (4 years ago)
2022-10-09 (3 months ago)
N/A
Last Update here
2013-08-22 (9 years ago)
2021-08-09 (1 year ago)
2023-01-10 (19 days ago)
2019-07-19 (3 years ago)
2022-11-04 (2 months ago)
2013-02-18 (9 years ago)
Author
Atlassian
Andreas Gohr
XWiki Development Team
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Tiki Software Community Association
Wikia, Inc.
URL
Free and Open Source
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
N/A
License
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
GPL 2
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL
LGPL
N/A
Programming Language
Java
PHP
Java
Perl, JavaScript
PHP
N/A
Data Storage
Database
Files
Database, RCS
Files, RCS
Database
N/A
License Cost/ Fee
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
0
N/A
0
$0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
N/A
Intended Audience
Enterprise + Technical Teams
personal, small to medium companies
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Needing not just a robust wiki, but a full-featured CMS/Groupware with a bug tracker, discussion forums, blogs, etc.
All users
Hosting Features Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Storage Quota
Unlimited
N/A
N/A
N/A
unlimited
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
unlimited
Other Limits
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
none
Topic Restrictions
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
hate speech, personal attacks, we believe in kindness
Corporate Branding
Yes
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Yes
Own Domain
Optional
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Optional
Ads allowed
No
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
Yes
System Requirements Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Operating System
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, MacOS X and probably others
N/A
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
N/A
Webserver
Apache Tomcat
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Servlet 3.1+
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Works on standard shared hosting
N/A
Other Requirements
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
None
N/A
Datastorage Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Text Files
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
N/A
MySQL
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
N/A
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
N/A
Oracle
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
N/A
SQLite
No
No
No
No
No
N/A
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
N/A
RCS
No
No
Plugin
Yes
No
N/A
Other
None
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
MariaDB
N/A
Security/Anti-Spam Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
SAML, OpenID Connect, Active Directory, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, IMAP, InterTiki, Vpopmail, Basic HTTP authentication
N/A
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Mail Encryption
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Optional
Optional
No
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Blacklist
No
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Yes
CAPTCHA
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Delayed Indexing
No
Optional
Yes
Plugin
No
Optional
Development/Support Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
N/A
Code Repository
N/A
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
##wikia on freenode
Stars on GitHub
N/A
3582 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Special Features Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Interface Languages
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
35
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Basque, Persian, Finnish, French, Galician, Hebrew, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Swedish, Swahili, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
0
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Comments
Threaded
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Threaded
Discussion Pages
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
N/A
Structured Data
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Links Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Optional
Optional
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Syntax Features Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
HTML Tags
Optional
Optional
All
All
Optional
Some
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
Yes
No
No
Optional
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Optional
Textile Support
Yes
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
Optional
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Optional
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Scripting
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Optional, PHP
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Dynamic Variables more info ===>>
Yes
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Usability Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Section Editing
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
Statistics Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Output Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Abbreviations
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
No
Unknown
Media and Files Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Embedded Video
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Unknown
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Contents
Keywords
Extras Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Blogs
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Chat
Unknown
No
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Syntax Examples Confluence DokuWiki XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Internal Link
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
((Name of page))
or
((Name of page|link to a page))
or
(semantic(link to a page))
or, if activated:
CamelCase WikiWords
External Link
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[http://example.com]
or
[http://example.com|label]
Headlines
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
-= Titlebar =-
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
Bold Format
*bold*
**bold**
**bold**
*bold*
__bold__
Italics Format
_italics_
//italics//
//Italics//
_italic_
''italic''
Underline Format
+underline+
__underlined__
__underline__
<u>underline</u>
===underline===
Monospace Format
{{monospace}}
''monospace''
##monospace##
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
-+monospace+-
Strikethrough Format
-strikethrough-
<del>strikethrough</del>
--Strike--
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--strike--
Superscript Format
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
<sup>superscript</sup>
{SUP()}text{SUP}
Subscript Format
~subscript~
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
{SUB()}text{SUB}
Images
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
{img src=http://foo.bar/foo.jpg}
Aligning Text
Plugin
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
::centered text::
Text Indentation
N/A
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
leading spaces, if activated.
Bulleted Lists
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
Plugin
; term
: definition
$ Term: Definition
;term:definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
---
---
remove Confluence remove DokuWiki remove XWiki remove TWiki remove Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware remove Wikia