Confluence vs. MediaWiki vs. PBwiki vs. PhpWiki vs. TWiki vs. XWiki

General Features Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Version
5.2
1.20.1
N/A
phpwiki-1.3.14
TWiki-6.0.0
10.10
Last Release Date
2013-08-12 (5 years ago)
2012-11-29 (6 years ago)
N/A
2007-06-30 (11 years ago)
2013-10-13 (5 years ago)
2018-11-28 (17 days ago)
Last Update here
2013-08-22 (5 years ago)
2012-11-30 (6 years ago)
2010-08-16 (8 years ago)
2009-04-03 (9 years ago)
2013-10-22 (5 years ago)
2018-11-29 (16 days ago)
Author
Atlassian
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
PBworks
Steve Wainstead, Jeff Dairiki, Reini Urban, Carsten Klapp, Marc-Etienne Vargenau
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
XWiki Development Team
URL
Free and Open Source
No
Yes
N/A
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
GPL
N/A
GPL
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Programming Language
Java
PHP
N/A
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Java
Data Storage
Database
Database
N/A
Database, Files, RCS
Files, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
Determined by Solution Needs
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
N/A
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Enterprise + Technical Teams
End Users/Desktop, Education
Business Enterprises
Any
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Hosting Features Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Storage Quota
Unlimited
N/A
No limit
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
No limit
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
No
N/A
None
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
No
N/A
None
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
Yes
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
No
Own Domain
Optional
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Unknown
Ads allowed
No
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
No
System Requirements Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Operating System
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
N/A
UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Root Access
No
No
N/A
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache Tomcat
Any with PHP support
N/A
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support
Almost any webserver, typically Apache 1.3/2.0
Servlet 3.0+
Other Requirements
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
none
N/A
various opt. helpers
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Datastorage Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Text Files
No
No
N/A
Yes
Yes
No
MySQL
Yes
Yes
N/A
Yes
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
Yes
N/A
Yes
No
Yes
Oracle
Yes
Yes
N/A
Yes
No
Yes
SQLite
No
Yes
N/A
Yes
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
N/A
Yes
No
No
RCS
No
No
N/A
Yes
Yes
No
Other
No
N/A
gdbm, cvs, MSSQL, ... (ADODB, PearDB)
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
Yes
N/A
db, session, pop, imap, ldap, file, webserver
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Host Blocking
No
Yes
Optional
No
Plugin
No
Mail Encryption
Optional
Plugin
No
No
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Optional
Optional
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Blacklist
No
Yes
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
No
No
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Development/Support Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
N/A
No
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
N/A
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
#phpwiki
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Interface Languages
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
1
English
9
German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Swedish, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Comments
Threaded
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Plugin
N/A
Yes
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Patch
Yes
Yes
Links Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
CamelCase
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
No
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
HTML Tags
Optional
Some
All
Some
All
All
Math formulas
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Tables
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Markdown Support
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Textile Support
Yes
No
No
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
No
No
No
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Optional
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Scripting
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Optional
Javascript
plugins, templates, PHP
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Content Includes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Usability Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Section Editing
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Optional
No
Optional
Plugin
No
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Patch
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Statistics Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
Yes
Optional
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Output Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Optional
Abbreviations
No
No
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Office Export
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Contents
Keywords
Contents
No
Contents
Contents
Extras Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Yes
No
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples Confluence MediaWiki PBwiki PhpWiki TWiki XWiki
Internal Link
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
CamelCaseLink or [Free Link]
WikiWord or [somelink]
[ desc | pagename ]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
External Link
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
[http://example.org The title]
[http://www.externallink.com]
http://someserver/someurl
[ desc | exturl ]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
Headlines
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
!!!!!! Level 6
!!!Headline1
!!Headline2
!Headline3
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
Bold Format
*bold*
'''bold'''
**bold**
*bold* or
<strong>bold</strong>
*bold*
**bold**
Italics Format
_italics_
''italic''
''italics''
_italics_ or 
or
<em>italics</em>
_italic_
//Italics//
Underline Format
+underline+
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
<u>underlined</u>
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
Monospace Format
{{monospace}}
<tt>monospace</tt>
<code>monospace</code>
<tt>monospace</tt>
<code>code</code>
<pre>preformatted</pre>
<verbatim>
unparsed text</verbatim>


=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
##monospace##
Strikethrough Format
-strikethrough-
<s>strikethrough</s>
-strikethrough-
<strike>striked through</strike>
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--Strike--
Superscript Format
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>above</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
~subscript~
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>below</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
[[Image:wiki.png]]
[http://www.imagelocation.com/image.jpg
[ http://foo.org/1.jpg size=30%] 
external image
[Upload:view.jpg align=right size=50x40] 
view uploaded image
[Upload:view.jpg | http://server/external-linkjpg ] 
view and link to another image
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
<center>Centered</center>
<left>, <center>, <right>
<?plugin RawHtml <span align="right"> ?>right<?plugin RawHtml </span> ?>
or <div align="right"> right </div>

| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
: indented line
Indented block
;: left indent
;;: more left indent

or 
paragraph
and another level 
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Bullet #1
* Bullet #2
** SubBullet #1
* list
or
- list
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
Numbered Lists
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# Number #1
# Number #2
# list
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
Definition Lists
; term : definition
<dl>
</dl>
Term:<def>
def
$ Term: Definition
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
---
----
---
----
remove Confluence remove MediaWiki remove PBwiki remove PhpWiki remove TWiki remove XWiki