DokuWiki vs. TiddlyWiki vs. XWiki vs. TWiki

General Features DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Version
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
5.1.13
10.9
TWiki-6.0.0
Last Release Date
2018-05-02 (6 months ago)
2016-06-24 (2 years ago)
2018-10-29 (17 days ago)
2013-10-13 (5 years ago)
Last Update here
2018-10-09 (1 month ago)
2016-09-17 (2 years ago)
2018-11-01 (14 days ago)
2013-10-22 (5 years ago)
Author
Andreas Gohr
Jeremy Ruston, TiddlyWiki community
XWiki Development Team
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL 2
BSD
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL
Programming Language
PHP
HTML, JavaScript
Java
Perl, JavaScript
Data Storage
Files
Files
Database
Files, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
N/A
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
private, small to medium companies
Individuals, private, small groups
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Hosting Features DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
Unknown
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
System Requirements DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Operating System
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Any
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Root Access
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Not required (optional backends available)
Servlet 3.0+
Almost any webserver, typically Apache 1.3/2.0
Other Requirements
A common browser
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Datastorage DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Text Files
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
MySQL
No
No
Yes
No
PostgreSQL
No
No
Yes
No
Oracle
No
No
Yes
No
SQLite
No
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
No
Yes
Other
None
Self contained in html file
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
Security/Anti-Spam DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
optional extensions available
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Host Blocking
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Mail Encryption
Optional
No
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Optional
Unknown
No
Plugin
Blacklist
Optional
No
Plugin
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Delayed Indexing
Optional
Unknown
Yes
Plugin
Development/Support DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
#tiddlywiki on Freenode (irc://irc.freenode.net/tiddlywiki)
Stars on GitHub
2297 ⭐
3557 ⭐
N/A
N/A
Common Features DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
Yes
No
No
Interface Languages
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
4
German, English, French, Japanese
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Optional
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Page Locking
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
No
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Optional
Yes
Yes
Optional
Structured Data
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
CamelCase
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Features DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
HTML Tags
Optional
Optional
All
All
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Tables
simple
complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Markdown Support
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Textile Support
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
BBCode Support
Plugin
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Footnotes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Scripting
Optional, PHP
JavaScript
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Content Includes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Usability DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Section Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
Toolbar
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Statistics DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Most/Least Popular
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Analysis
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Output DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Abbreviations
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
No
Unknown
Yes
Plugin
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Office Export
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Embedded Video
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Image Editing
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Filenames only
No
Contents
Contents
Extras DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Presentations
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
No
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples DokuWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki TWiki
Internal Link
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
WikiWord (CamelCase)
[[link]]
[[label|link]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
External Link
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
http://www.example.com
[[label|http://www.example.com]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
Headlines
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
Bold Format
**bold**
''bold''
**bold**
*bold*
Italics Format
//italics//
//italic//
//Italics//
_italic_
Underline Format
__underlined__
__underline__
__underline__
<u>underline</u>
Monospace Format
''monospace''
{{{monospaced}}}
##monospace##
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
Strikethrough Format
<del>strikethrough</del>
--strikethrough--
--Strike--
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
^^superscript^^
<sup>superscript</sup>
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
~~subscript~~
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
Images
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[img[local.jpg]]
[img[http://foo.bar/foo.jpg]]
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
Aligning Text
Plugin
using custom classes, e.g.
{{right{
text
}}}
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Text Indentation
N/A
:indent

> quote

<<<
blockquote
<<<
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Bulleted Lists
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
Definition Lists
Plugin
; term
: description
; term
: definition
$ Term: Definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
---
remove DokuWiki remove TiddlyWiki remove XWiki remove TWiki