Foswiki vs. DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. PmWiki vs. TWiki vs. XWiki

General Features Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Version
2.1.6
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
1.32.2
2.2.109
TWiki-6.1.0
11.5
Last Release Date
2018-03-01 (1 year ago)
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2019-06-05 (1 month ago)
2018-07-08 (1 year ago)
2018-07-15 (1 year ago)
2019-06-24 (28 days ago)
Last Update here
2018-04-06 (1 year ago)
2018-10-09 (9 months ago)
2019-06-21 (1 month ago)
2018-10-26 (8 months ago)
2019-07-19 (3 days ago)
2019-06-25 (27 days ago)
Author
Foswiki Community
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Patrick R. Michaud (Dev.: Petko Yotov)
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
XWiki Development Team
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL
GPL 2
GPL
GPL2+
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Programming Language
Perl
PHP
PHP
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Java
Data Storage
Files, RCS
Files
Database
Files
Files, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
$0
0
0
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Enterprise, Corporate, Business, Intranets, Personal use, Community building, Educational, Intranet, Extranet
private, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
All
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Hosting Features Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
System Requirements Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Operating System
Linux, Windows, OS-X and others
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, Lighttpd, Nginx, or any other supporting (F)CGI
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run w/o a webserver.
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Servlet 3.0+
Other Requirements
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
none
none
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Datastorage Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Text Files
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
MySQL
No
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Oracle
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
SQLite
No
No
Yes
Plugin
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
Yes
No
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Other
caching of content into database using plugins
None
No
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Host Blocking
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Plugin
No
Mail Encryption
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Plugin
No
Blacklist
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
Plugin
Optional
No
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Development/Support Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
No
No
Interface Languages
22
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
No
Optional
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
HTML Tags
All
Optional
Some
Plugin
All
All
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
No
Optional
No
Yes
Markdown Support
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Textile Support
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
No
Emoticon Images
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Scripting
JavaScript; Topic Markup Language
Optional, PHP
Optional
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin)
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Usability Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Section Editing
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
No
Toolbar
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Statistics Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
No
Plugin
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Output Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Printer Friendly
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Yes
Plugin
No
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Abbreviations
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
XML export
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Media and Files Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Keywords
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Extras Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
No
Unknown
No
Unknown
Plugin
Syntax Examples Foswiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Internal Link
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[page name #anchor]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
External Link
External Link
http://foswiki.org/ autolink
[[http://foswiki.org/][label]]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
Headlines
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
Bold Format
*bold*
**bold**
'''bold'''
'''bold'''
*bold*
**bold**
Italics Format
_italic_
//italics//
''italic''
''italic''
_italic_
//Italics//
Underline Format
<u>underline</u>
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
{+underlined+}
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
Monospace Format
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
@@monospace@@
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
##monospace##
Strikethrough Format
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
{-strikethrough-}
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--Strike--
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
'^superscript^'
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
'_subscript_'
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
%IMAGE{"image.png"}%
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
N/A
: indented line
-> indented text
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
Definition Lists
$ Term: Definition
Plugin
; term : definition
: term : definition
$ Term: Definition
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
---
----
----
----
---
----
remove Foswiki remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove PmWiki remove TWiki remove XWiki