MediaWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. PmWiki vs. Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware vs. XWiki vs. Confluence

General Features MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Version
1.32.2
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
2.2.109
18.2, 15.7 LTS, 12.14 LTS
11.5
5.2
Last Release Date
2019-06-05 (1 month ago)
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2018-07-08 (1 year ago)
2018-07-31 (11 months ago)
2019-06-24 (28 days ago)
2013-08-12 (5 years ago)
Last Update here
2019-06-21 (1 month ago)
2018-10-09 (9 months ago)
2018-10-26 (8 months ago)
2018-08-15 (11 months ago)
2019-06-25 (27 days ago)
2013-08-22 (5 years ago)
Author
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Andreas Gohr
Patrick R. Michaud (Dev.: Petko Yotov)
Tiki Software Community Association
XWiki Development Team
Atlassian
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
License
GPL
GPL 2
GPL2+
LGPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
Programming Language
PHP
PHP
PHP
PHP
Java
Java
Data Storage
Database
Files
Files
Database
Database
Database
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
0
0
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
End Users/Desktop, Education
private, small to medium companies
All
Needing not just a robust wiki, but a full-featured CMS/Groupware with a bug tracker, discussion forums, blogs, etc.
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Enterprise + Technical Teams
Hosting Features MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Unlimited
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Yes
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Optional
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
No
System Requirements MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Operating System
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, MacOS X and probably others
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Any with PHP support
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run w/o a webserver.
Works on standard shared hosting
Servlet 3.0+
Apache Tomcat
Other Requirements
none
none
None
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
Datastorage MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Text Files
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
MySQL
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Oracle
Yes
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
SQLite
Yes
No
Plugin
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Other
No
None
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
MariaDB
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Yes
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
SAML, OpenID, Active Directory, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, IMAP, InterTiki, POP3, Vpopmail, Basic HTTP authentication
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
Host Blocking
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
No
No
Mail Encryption
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
nofollow
Optional
Optional
Yes
Optional
No
Optional
Blacklist
Yes
Optional
Optional
No
Plugin
No
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Delayed Indexing
No
Optional
Optional
No
Yes
No
Development/Support MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
No
No
Interface Languages
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
35
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Basque, Persian, Finnish, French, Galician, Hebrew, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Swedish, Swahili, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Optional
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Comments
Discussion Pages
Plugin
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Links MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
CamelCase
No
Optional
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
SisterWiki
No
No
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Features MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
HTML Tags
Some
Optional
Plugin
Optional
All
Optional
Math formulas
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
Optional
No
Yes
No
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Yes
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Footnotes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Quoting
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Scripting
Optional
Optional, PHP
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin)
Dynamic Variables more info ===>>
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Usability MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Section Editing
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
No
No
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Statistics MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Analysis
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Output MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
No
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Abbreviations
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
No
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Media and Files MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Video
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Keywords
Filenames only
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Contents
Extras MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Ticket System
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
No
No
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Syntax Examples MediaWiki DokuWiki PmWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware XWiki Confluence
Internal Link
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[page name #anchor]]
((Name of page))
or
((Name of page|link to a page))
or
(semantic(link to a page))
or, if activated:
CamelCase WikiWords
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
External Link
[http://example.org The title]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
[http://example.com]
or
[http://example.com|label]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
Headlines
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
-= Titlebar =-
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
Bold Format
'''bold'''
**bold**
'''bold'''
__bold__
**bold**
*bold*
Italics Format
''italic''
//italics//
''italic''
''italic''
//Italics//
_italics_
Underline Format
<u>underlined</u>
__underlined__
{+underlined+}
===underline===
__underline__
+underline+
Monospace Format
<tt>monospace</tt>
''monospace''
@@monospace@@
-+monospace+-
##monospace##
{{monospace}}
Strikethrough Format
<s>strikethrough</s>
<del>strikethrough</del>
{-strikethrough-}
--strike--
--Strike--
-strikethrough-
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
'^superscript^'
{SUP()}text{SUP}
^^superscript^^
^superscript^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
'_subscript_'
{SUB()}text{SUB}
,,subscript,,
~subscript~
Images
[[Image:wiki.png]]
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
{img src=http://foo.bar/foo.jpg}
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
<center>Centered</center>
Plugin
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
::centered text::
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
: indented line
N/A
-> indented text
leading spaces, if activated.
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
Numbered Lists
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
Definition Lists
; term : definition
Plugin
: term : definition
;term:definition
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
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----
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remove MediaWiki remove DokuWiki remove PmWiki remove Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware remove XWiki remove Confluence