MediaWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. XWiki vs. TWiki vs. PmWiki

General Features MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Version
1.32.2
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
14.4
TWiki-6.1.0
2.3.5
Last Release Date
2019-06-05 (2 years ago)
2020-07-19 (1 year ago)
2022-05-22 (7 days ago)
2018-07-15 (3 years ago)
2022-05-22 (7 days ago)
Last Update here
2019-06-21 (2 years ago)
2021-08-09 (9 months ago)
2022-05-24 (5 days ago)
2019-07-19 (2 years ago)
2020-12-06 (1 year ago)
Author
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Andreas Gohr
XWiki Development Team
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Petko Yotov (Original author: Patrick R. Michaud)
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL
GPL 2
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL
GPL2+
Programming Language
PHP
PHP
Java
Perl, JavaScript
PHP
Data Storage
Database
Files
Database, RCS
Files, RCS
Files
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
End Users/Desktop, Education
personal, small to medium companies
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
All
Hosting Features MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
System Requirements MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Operating System
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Any with PHP support
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Servlet 3.1+
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run w/o a webserver.
Other Requirements
none
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
none
Datastorage MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Text Files
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
MySQL
Yes
No
Yes
No
Plugin
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Oracle
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
SQLite
Yes
No
No
No
Plugin
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Other
No
None
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
Security/Anti-Spam MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Yes
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
Host Blocking
Yes
Plugin
No
Plugin
Optional
Mail Encryption
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Optional
nofollow
Optional
Optional
No
Plugin
Yes
Blacklist
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Delayed Indexing
No
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Development/Support MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
3285 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
Yes
No
No
Optional
Interface Languages
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Optional
Comments
Discussion Pages
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Discussion Pages
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
CamelCase
No
Optional
Yes
Yes
Optional
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
HTML Tags
Some
Optional
All
All
Plugin
Math formulas
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Optional
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Emoticon Images
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Footnotes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Quoting
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Scripting
Optional
Optional, PHP
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin)
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Usability MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Section Editing
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Optional
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Optional
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Statistics MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Optional
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Recent Visitors
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Analysis
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Output MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Mobile Friendly
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Abbreviations
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
XML export
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Media and Files MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Embedded Video
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Editing
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Keywords
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Filenames only
Extras MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Ticket System
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
No
Plugin
Unknown
No
Syntax Examples MediaWiki DokuWiki XWiki TWiki PmWiki
Internal Link
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[page name #anchor]]
External Link
[http://example.org The title]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
Headlines
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
Bold Format
'''bold'''
**bold**
**bold**
*bold*
'''bold'''
Italics Format
''italic''
//italics//
//Italics//
_italic_
''italic''
Underline Format
<u>underlined</u>
__underlined__
__underline__
<u>underline</u>
{+underlined+}
Monospace Format
<tt>monospace</tt>
''monospace''
##monospace##
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
@@monospace@@
Strikethrough Format
<s>strikethrough</s>
<del>strikethrough</del>
--Strike--
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
{-strikethrough-}
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
<sup>superscript</sup>
'^superscript^'
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
'_subscript_'
Images
[[Image:wiki.png]]
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
Aligning Text
<center>Centered</center>
Plugin
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
%lfloat% left floating text
%rfloat% right floating text
Text Indentation
: indented line
N/A
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
-> indented text
--> more indentation
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
; term : definition
Plugin
; term
: definition
$ Term: Definition
: term : definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
---
----
remove MediaWiki remove DokuWiki remove XWiki remove TWiki remove PmWiki