MediaWiki vs. TWiki vs. TracWiki

General Features MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Version
1.32.2
TWiki-6.1.0
0.11.5
Last Release Date
2019-06-05 (1 year ago)
2018-07-15 (2 years ago)
2009-02-16 (12 years ago)
Last Update here
2019-06-21 (1 year ago)
2019-07-19 (1 year ago)
2009-09-04 (11 years ago)
Author
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Edgewall Software
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL
GPL
Modified BSD license
Programming Language
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Python
Data Storage
Database
Files, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Beta
Intended Audience
End Users/Desktop, Education
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Software development teams
System Requirements MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Operating System
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Linux distributions, Mac OS X, FreeBSD, NetBSD and MS Windows
Root Access
No
No
No
Webserver
Any with PHP support
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Apache, Standalone (builtin)
Other Requirements
none
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Python, setuptools, Genshi, SQLite or PostgreSQL or MySQL
Datastorage MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Text Files
No
Yes
No
MySQL
Yes
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
Yes
Oracle
Yes
No
No
SQLite
Yes
No
Yes
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
RCS
No
Yes
No
Other
No
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
0
Security/Anti-Spam MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
No
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Yes
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
File, Database, LDAP (all webserver dependant)
Host Blocking
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Mail Encryption
Plugin
Yes
No
nofollow
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Blacklist
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Delayed Indexing
No
Plugin
No
Development/Support MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
No
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
No
Yes
Interface Languages
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
141
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Javanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
Email notification
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Comments
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Plugin
Categories
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Links MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
CamelCase
No
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
No
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
HTML Tags
Some
All
Some
Math formulas
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
No
No
Markdown Support
No
No
No
Textile Support
No
Plugin
Yes
BBCode Support
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Quoting
No
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
Yes
No
Scripting
Optional
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
yes, using Python
Content Includes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
No
Usability MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Section Editing
Yes
Plugin
No
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
No
Double-Click Edit
Optional
Plugin
No
Toolbar
Yes
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Yes
No
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
No
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
No
Statistics MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
No
No
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
No
Most/Least Popular
Yes
Yes
No
Recent Visitors
Plugin
Plugin
No
Analysis
Optional
Yes
No
Output MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
No
Plugin
No
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
No
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
No
Abbreviations
No
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
No
XML export
Yes
Plugin
No
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
No
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Embedded Video
Plugin
Plugin
No
Image Editing
No
Plugin
No
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
No
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
Media Search
Keywords
Contents
No
Extras MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
No
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
No
Presentations
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
Plugin
No
Blogs
No
Plugin
No
Ticket System
No
Plugin
Yes
Chat
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples MediaWiki TWiki TracWiki
Internal Link
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
CamelCase
[wiki:ISO9000]
[wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
External Link
[http://example.org The title]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[http://www.edgewall.com/ Edgewall Software]
Headlines
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Level 1 =
== Level 2 ==
=== Level 3 ===
=== Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
Bold Format
'''bold'''
*bold*
'''bold'''
Italics Format
''italic''
_italic_
''italic''
Underline Format
<u>underlined</u>
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
Monospace Format
<tt>monospace</tt>
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
{{{monospace}}}
`monospace`
Strikethrough Format
<s>strikethrough</s>
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
~~strike-through~~
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^superscript^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
[[Image:wiki.png]]
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
[[Image(photo.jpg)]]                           # simplest
[[Image(photo.jpg, 120px)]]                    # with size
[[Image(photo.jpg, right)]]                    # aligned by keyword
[[Image(photo.jpg, nolink)]]                   # without link
Aligning Text
<center>Centered</center>
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Text Indentation
: indented line
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 1
Numbered Lists
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
1. Item 1.1
1. Item 1
Definition Lists
; term : definition
$ Term: Definition
term::
definition
Horizontal Rule
----
---
----
remove MediaWiki remove TWiki remove TracWiki