PmWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware vs. TWiki vs. XWiki

General Features PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Version
2.2.109
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
1.32.2
18.2, 15.7 LTS, 12.14 LTS
TWiki-6.1.0
11.9
Last Release Date
2018-07-08 (1 year ago)
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2019-06-05 (5 months ago)
2018-07-31 (1 year ago)
2018-07-15 (1 year ago)
2019-10-28 (21 days ago)
Last Update here
2018-10-26 (1 year ago)
2018-10-09 (1 year ago)
2019-06-21 (4 months ago)
2019-08-05 (3 months ago)
2019-07-19 (3 months ago)
2019-10-29 (20 days ago)
Author
Patrick R. Michaud (Dev.: Petko Yotov)
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Tiki Software Community Association
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
XWiki Development Team
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL2+
GPL 2
GPL
LGPL
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Programming Language
PHP
PHP
PHP
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Java
Data Storage
Files
Files
Database
Database
Files, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
All
private, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
Needing not just a robust wiki, but a full-featured CMS/Groupware with a bug tracker, discussion forums, blogs, etc.
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Hosting Features PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
System Requirements PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Operating System
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, MacOS X and probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run w/o a webserver.
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Works on standard shared hosting
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Servlet 3.0.1+
Other Requirements
none
none
None
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Datastorage PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Text Files
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
No
MySQL
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Oracle
No
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
SQLite
Plugin
No
Yes
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
Plugin
No
No
No
Yes
No
Other
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
None
No
MariaDB
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
SAML, OpenID, Active Directory, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, IMAP, InterTiki, POP3, Vpopmail, Basic HTTP authentication
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Host Blocking
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
Mail Encryption
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Yes
Optional
Optional
Optional
Plugin
No
Blacklist
Optional
Optional
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
Optional
Optional
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Development/Support PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
2632 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Interface Languages
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
35
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Basque, Persian, Finnish, French, Galician, Hebrew, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Swedish, Swahili, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
39
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Optional
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Yes
No
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
CamelCase
Optional
Optional
No
Optional
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
Plugin
No
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
HTML Tags
Plugin
Optional
Some
Optional
All
All
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Optional
Plugin
No
No
No
Yes
Markdown Support
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Yes
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Scripting
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin)
Optional, PHP
Optional
Dynamic Variables more info ===>>
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Usability PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Section Editing
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Plugin
No
Toolbar
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Statistics PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Output PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Printer Friendly
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Optional
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Abbreviations
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Office Export
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
No
Unknown
Yes
Media and Files PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
File Attachments
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Filenames only
Filenames only
Keywords
Contents
Contents
Contents
Extras PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
No
No
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Syntax Examples PmWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware TWiki XWiki
Internal Link
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[page name #anchor]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
((Name of page))
or
((Name of page|link to a page))
or
(semantic(link to a page))
or, if activated:
CamelCase WikiWords
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
External Link
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
[http://example.com]
or
[http://example.com|label]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
Headlines
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
-= Titlebar =-
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
Bold Format
'''bold'''
**bold**
'''bold'''
__bold__
*bold*
**bold**
Italics Format
''italic''
//italics//
''italic''
''italic''
_italic_
//Italics//
Underline Format
{+underlined+}
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
===underline===
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
Monospace Format
@@monospace@@
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
-+monospace+-
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
##monospace##
Strikethrough Format
{-strikethrough-}
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
--strike--
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--Strike--
Superscript Format
'^superscript^'
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
{SUP()}text{SUP}
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
'_subscript_'
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
{SUB()}text{SUB}
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
{img src=http://foo.bar/foo.jpg}
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
::centered text::
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
-> indented text
N/A
: indented line
leading spaces, if activated.
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
Numbered Lists
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
Definition Lists
: term : definition
Plugin
; term : definition
;term:definition
$ Term: Definition
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
---
---
----
remove PmWiki remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware remove TWiki remove XWiki