PukiWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. PhpWiki vs. TracWiki

General Features PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Version
1.5.1
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
1.32.2
phpwiki-1.3.14
0.11.5
Last Release Date
2016-03-06 (5 years ago)
2020-07-19 (1 year ago)
2019-06-05 (2 years ago)
2007-06-30 (14 years ago)
2009-02-16 (12 years ago)
Last Update here
2016-03-23 (5 years ago)
2021-08-09 (5 months ago)
2019-06-21 (2 years ago)
2009-04-03 (12 years ago)
2009-09-04 (12 years ago)
Author
PukiWiki Development Team
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Steve Wainstead, Jeff Dairiki, Reini Urban, Carsten Klapp, Marc-Etienne Vargenau
Edgewall Software
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL version 2 or (at your option) any later version
GPL 2
GPL
GPL
Modified BSD license
Programming Language
PHP
PHP
PHP
PHP
Python
Data Storage
Files
Files
Database
Database, Files, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
0
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Beta
Intended Audience
One theme, one PukiWiki
personal, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
Any
Software development teams
System Requirements PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Operating System
OS independent
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux distributions, Mac OS X, FreeBSD, NetBSD and MS Windows
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support
Apache, Standalone (builtin)
Other Requirements
tar with "-p" option, or unzip for install. "mbstring" PHP extension for multi-bite support. backup feature wants 'zip' PHP extension.
none
various opt. helpers
Python, setuptools, Genshi, SQLite or PostgreSQL or MySQL
Datastorage PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Text Files
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
MySQL
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
PostgreSQL
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Oracle
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
SQLite
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
Yes
No
RCS
No
No
No
Yes
No
Other
zip-compressed text files for backup (with "zip" PHP extension)
None
No
gdbm, cvs, MSSQL, ... (ADODB, PearDB)
0
Security/Anti-Spam PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
LDIF strings compatible with OpenLDAP, LDAP
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
db, session, pop, imap, ldap, file, webserver
File, Database, LDAP (all webserver dependant)
Host Blocking
Patch
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Mail Encryption
No
Optional
Plugin
No
No
nofollow
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Blacklist
Patch
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
CAPTCHA
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Delayed Indexing
No
Optional
No
No
No
Development/Support PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
#pukiwiki
#phpwiki
Stars on GitHub
N/A
3285 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Change Summary
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Restricted by Number
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
To current
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Interface Languages
5
German, English, Japanese, Korean, Twi
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
9
German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Swedish, Chinese Traditional
141
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Javanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Plugin
Plugin
Categories
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Detection
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Structured Data
No
Plugin
Plugin
Patch
Unknown
Links PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
No
No
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Patch
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Page Redirects
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Features PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
HTML Tags
Plugin
Optional
Some
Some
Some
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
No
Yes
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Optional
No
Plugin
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Quoting
Optional
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Scripting
plugins(PHP), skins(PHP), CSSes(PHP,CSS)
Optional, PHP
Optional
plugins, templates, PHP
yes, using Python
Content Includes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Usability PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Section Editing
Patch
Yes
Yes
No
No
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
Optional
Optional
No
Toolbar
Patch
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Patch
No
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Auto Signature
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Statistics PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Orphaned Pages
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Most/Least Popular
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
No
Recent Visitors
No
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Analysis
No
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
No
Output PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Optional
Yes
No
No
No
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
RSS Feeds
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
No
Abbreviations
No
Yes
No
No
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
XML export
No
No
Yes
No
No
PDF Export
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
File Attachments
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Embedded Video
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Image Editing
Plugin
No
No
No
No
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
No
No
No
MindMap Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Media Search
No
Filenames only
Keywords
No
No
Extras PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Image Galleries
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
Optional
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Blogs
Optional
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Ticket System
Optional
Plugin
No
No
Yes
Chat
Unknown
No
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples PukiWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PhpWiki TracWiki
Internal Link
PageNameAsWikiName
[[PageName]]
[[link text>PageName]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
WikiWord or [somelink]
[ desc | pagename ]
CamelCase
[wiki:ISO9000]
[wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
External Link
http://....
[[link text>http://....]]
[[interwiki:keyphrase]]
[[link text>interwiki:keyphrase]]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
http://someserver/someurl
[ desc | exturl ]
[http://www.edgewall.com/ Edgewall Software]
Headlines
* Level 1
** Level 2
*** Level 3
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
!!!Headline1
!!Headline2
!Headline3
= Level 1 =
== Level 2 ==
=== Level 3 ===
=== Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
Bold Format
''bold''
**bold**
'''bold'''
*bold* or
<strong>bold</strong>
'''bold'''
Italics Format
'''italic'''
//italics//
''italic''
_italics_ or 
or
<em>italics</em>
''italic''
Underline Format
%%%underlined%%%
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
Monospace Format
N/A
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
<tt>monospace</tt>
<code>code</code>
<pre>preformatted</pre>
<verbatim>
unparsed text</verbatim>


{{{monospace}}}
`monospace`
Strikethrough Format
%%strikethrough%%
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
<strike>striked through</strike>
~~strike-through~~
Superscript Format
N/A
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>above</sup>
^superscript^
Subscript Format
N/A
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>below</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
#ref(pagename/filename[,option])
&ref(pagename/filename[,option]);
&ref(http://foo.bar/foo.jpg[,option]);
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
[ http://foo.org/1.jpg size=30%] 
external image
[Upload:view.jpg align=right size=50x40] 
view uploaded image
[Upload:view.jpg | http://server/external-linkjpg ] 
view and link to another image
[[Image(photo.jpg)]]                           # simplest
[[Image(photo.jpg, 120px)]]                    # with size
[[Image(photo.jpg, right)]]                    # aligned by keyword
[[Image(photo.jpg, nolink)]]                   # without link
Aligning Text
CENTER:center
RIGHT:right
LEFT:left
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
<?plugin RawHtml <span align="right"> ?>right<?plugin RawHtml </span> ?>
or <div align="right"> right </div>

Text Indentation
N/A
N/A
: indented line
;: left indent
;;: more left indent

or 
paragraph
and another level 
Bulleted Lists
- Item 1
-- Item 1.1
- Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* list
or
- list
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 1
Numbered Lists
+ Item 1
++ Item 1.1
+ Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# list
1. Item 1
1. Item 1.1
1. Item 1
Definition Lists
:term|definition
Plugin
; term : definition
Term:<def>
def
term::
definition
Horizontal Rule
--------------------
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----
----
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remove PukiWiki remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove PhpWiki remove TracWiki