TiddlyWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. XWiki vs. PmWiki vs. TWiki

General Features TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Version
5.1.13
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
1.32.2
11.5
2.2.109
TWiki-6.1.0
Last Release Date
2016-06-24 (3 years ago)
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2019-06-05 (1 month ago)
2019-06-24 (28 days ago)
2018-07-08 (1 year ago)
2018-07-15 (1 year ago)
Last Update here
2016-09-17 (2 years ago)
2018-10-09 (9 months ago)
2019-06-21 (1 month ago)
2019-06-25 (27 days ago)
2018-10-26 (8 months ago)
2019-07-19 (3 days ago)
Author
Jeremy Ruston, TiddlyWiki community
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
XWiki Development Team
Patrick R. Michaud (Dev.: Petko Yotov)
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
BSD
GPL 2
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL2+
GPL
Programming Language
HTML, JavaScript
PHP
PHP
Java
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Data Storage
Files
Files
Database
Database
Files
Files, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
0
0
N/A
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Individuals, private, small groups
private, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
All
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Hosting Features TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
System Requirements TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Operating System
Any
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Not required (optional backends available)
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Servlet 3.0+
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run w/o a webserver.
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Other Requirements
A common browser
none
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
none
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Datastorage TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Text Files
Optional
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
MySQL
No
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
PostgreSQL
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Oracle
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
SQLite
No
No
Yes
No
Plugin
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Other
Self contained in html file
None
No
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
Security/Anti-Spam TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
optional extensions available
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Optional
Plugin
Mail Encryption
No
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
nofollow
Unknown
Optional
Optional
No
Yes
Plugin
Blacklist
No
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
CAPTCHA
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Delayed Indexing
Unknown
Optional
No
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Development/Support TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
#tiddlywiki on Freenode (irc://irc.freenode.net/tiddlywiki)
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Optional
No
Interface Languages
4
German, English, French, Japanese
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Unknown
Optional
Optional
Yes
Optional
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Plugin
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
Optional
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Features TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
HTML Tags
Optional
Optional
Some
All
Plugin
All
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Optional
No
Markdown Support
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Plugin
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
No
Emoticon Images
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Quoting
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Scripting
JavaScript
Optional, PHP
Optional
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin)
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Usability TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Section Editing
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Yes
Plugin
Optional
No
Plugin
Plugin
Toolbar
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Statistics TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
No
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Most/Least Popular
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Analysis
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Output TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Unknown
Plugin
No
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Abbreviations
Unknown
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
XML export
Unknown
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Plugin
Unknown
Media and Files TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
File Attachments
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Media Revisions
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Embedded Video
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Editing
Yes
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
No
Filenames only
Keywords
Contents
Filenames only
Contents
Extras TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
No
Unknown
Plugin
No
Unknown
Syntax Examples TiddlyWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Internal Link
WikiWord (CamelCase)
[[link]]
[[label|link]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[page name #anchor]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
External Link
http://www.example.com
[[label|http://www.example.com]]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
Headlines
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
Bold Format
''bold''
**bold**
'''bold'''
**bold**
'''bold'''
*bold*
Italics Format
//italic//
//italics//
''italic''
//Italics//
''italic''
_italic_
Underline Format
__underline__
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
{+underlined+}
<u>underline</u>
Monospace Format
{{{monospaced}}}
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
##monospace##
@@monospace@@
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
Strikethrough Format
--strikethrough--
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
--Strike--
{-strikethrough-}
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
Superscript Format
^^superscript^^
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
'^superscript^'
<sup>superscript</sup>
Subscript Format
~~subscript~~
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
'_subscript_'
<sub>subscript</sub>
Images
[img[local.jpg]]
[img[http://foo.bar/foo.jpg]]
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
Aligning Text
using custom classes, e.g.
{{right{
text
}}}
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Text Indentation
:indent

> quote

<<<
blockquote
<<<
N/A
: indented line
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
-> indented text
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
Definition Lists
; term
: description
Plugin
; term : definition
; term
: definition
: term : definition
$ Term: Definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
----
----
---
remove TiddlyWiki remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove XWiki remove PmWiki remove TWiki