TracWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. XWiki vs. JSPWiki vs. PhpWiki

General Features TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Version
0.11.5
1.32.2
14.10.3
2.11.0
phpwiki-1.3.14
Last Release Date
2009-02-16 (13 years ago)
2019-06-05 (3 years ago)
2023-01-09 (20 days ago)
2021-11-21 (1 year ago)
2007-06-30 (15 years ago)
Last Update here
2009-09-04 (13 years ago)
2019-06-21 (3 years ago)
2023-01-10 (19 days ago)
2021-12-01 (1 year ago)
2009-04-03 (13 years ago)
Author
Edgewall Software
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
XWiki Development Team
Apache Software Foundation
Steve Wainstead, Jeff Dairiki, Reini Urban, Carsten Klapp, Marc-Etienne Vargenau
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
Modified BSD license
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Apache License 2.0
GPL
Programming Language
Python
PHP
Java
Java
PHP
Data Storage
Database
Database
Database, RCS
Database, Files
Database, Files, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
0
0
Development status
Beta
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Software development teams
End Users/Desktop, Education
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
all
Any
Hosting Features TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
System Requirements TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Operating System
Linux distributions, Mac OS X, FreeBSD, NetBSD and MS Windows
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
any platform supporting JDK 1.8+
UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, Standalone (builtin)
Any with PHP support
Servlet 3.1+
Any servlet 3.1 compliant web server, e.g. Tomcat 8.5+, Jetty, Glassfish, Websphere
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support
Other Requirements
Python, setuptools, Genshi, SQLite or PostgreSQL or MySQL
none
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
optional JavaMail for mailing functionality
various opt. helpers
Datastorage TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Text Files
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
MySQL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Oracle
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
SQLite
Yes
Yes
No
Optional
Yes
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
Optional
Yes
RCS
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Other
0
No
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
JDBC driver must be provided manually; also Page provider architecture -> several implementations
gdbm, cvs, MSSQL, ... (ADODB, PearDB)
Security/Anti-Spam TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
File, Database, LDAP (all webserver dependant)
Yes
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
JAAS -> interface to many external backends possible
db, session, pop, imap, ldap, file, webserver
Host Blocking
Yes
Yes
No
Optional
No
Mail Encryption
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
No
nofollow
Yes
Optional
No
Optional
Yes
Blacklist
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Delayed Indexing
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Development/Support TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Freenode: #jspwiki
#phpwiki
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
88 ⭐
N/A
Common Features TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Interface Languages
141
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Javanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
10
Breton, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Dutch, Russian, Chinese
9
German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Swedish, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Flat
Plugin
Categories
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Conflict Handling
Conflict Detection
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Patch
Yes
Structured Data
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Patch
Links TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
CamelCase
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
No
Yes
Optional
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Features TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
HTML Tags
Some
Some
All
Optional
Some
Math formulas
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Markdown Support
No
No
Yes
No
No
Textile Support
Yes
No
No
No
No
BBCode Support
No
No
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Plugin
No
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Quoting
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
No
Plugin
No
No
Scripting
yes, using Python
Optional
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
plugins for JavaScript, TCL and Groovy
plugins, templates, PHP
Content Includes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
No
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Usability TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Section Editing
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Page Templates
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Optional
No
No
Optional
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Patch
Access Keys
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
No
Optional
Yes
Statistics TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Analysis
No
Optional
Yes
No
Plugin
Output TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Themes & Skins
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
No
Yes
Optional
Yes
No
Abbreviations
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
No
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
XML export
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Office Export
Unknown
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Video
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
No
No
Plugin
No
No
SVG Editing
No
No
Plugin
No
No
MindMap Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Media Search
No
Keywords
Contents
Contents
No
Extras TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Calendar
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Galleries
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Blogs
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Ticket System
Yes
No
Plugin
No
No
Chat
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples TracWiki MediaWiki XWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki
Internal Link
CamelCase
[wiki:ISO9000]
[wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[link]
[text|link]
[text|wiki:link]
WikiWord or [somelink]
[ desc | pagename ]
External Link
[http://www.edgewall.com/ Edgewall Software]
[http://example.org The title]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
[http://www.example.com/]
[example|http://www.example.com/]
[text|wiki:link]
http://someserver/someurl
[ desc | exturl ]
Headlines
= Level 1 =
== Level 2 ==
=== Level 3 ===
=== Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!Headline1
!!Headline2
!Headline3
Bold Format
'''bold'''
'''bold'''
**bold**
__bold__
*bold* or
<strong>bold</strong>
Italics Format
''italic''
''italic''
//Italics//
''italics''
_italics_ or 
or
<em>italics</em>
Underline Format
__underline__
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
%%(text-decoration: underline) text %%
<u>underlined</u>
Monospace Format
{{{monospace}}}
`monospace`
<tt>monospace</tt>
##monospace##
{{monospace}}
<tt>monospace</tt>
<code>code</code>
<pre>preformatted</pre>
<verbatim>
unparsed text</verbatim>


Strikethrough Format
~~strike-through~~
<s>strikethrough</s>
--Strike--
%%(text-decoration: line-through) deleted text %%
<strike>striked through</strike>
Superscript Format
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
%%(vertical-align: sup) text %%
<sup>above</sup>
Subscript Format
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
%%(vertical-align: sub) text %%
<sub>below</sub>
Images
[[Image(photo.jpg)]]                           # simplest
[[Image(photo.jpg, 120px)]]                    # with size
[[Image(photo.jpg, right)]]                    # aligned by keyword
[[Image(photo.jpg, nolink)]]                   # without link
[[Image:wiki.png]]
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
[local.jpg]
[{Image src='local.jpg'}]
[{Image src='http://foo.bar/foo.jpg'}]
[ http://foo.org/1.jpg size=30%] 
external image
[Upload:view.jpg align=right size=50x40] 
view uploaded image
[Upload:view.jpg | http://server/external-linkjpg ] 
view and link to another image
Aligning Text
<center>Centered</center>
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
%%(text-align: right) text %%
<?plugin RawHtml <span align="right"> ?>right<?plugin RawHtml </span> ?>
or <div align="right"> right </div>

Text Indentation
: indented line
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
%%(text-indent: 20px) 20 pixels %%
%%(text-indent: 30%) 30 percent %%
;: left indent
;;: more left indent

or 
paragraph
and another level 
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 1
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* list
or
- list
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
1. Item 1.1
1. Item 1
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
# list
Definition Lists
term::
definition
; term : definition
; term
: definition
;term:definition
Term:<def>
def
Horizontal Rule
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remove TracWiki remove MediaWiki remove XWiki remove JSPWiki remove PhpWiki