Wiki.js vs. DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. TiddlyWiki vs. XWiki vs. BookStack

General Features Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Version
2.0.12
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
1.32.2
5.1.21
12.8
v0.24.1
Last Release Date
2019-11-22 (11 months ago)
2018-05-02 (2 years ago)
2019-06-05 (1 year ago)
2019-07-24 (1 year ago)
2020-09-27 (25 days ago)
2018-09-23 (2 years ago)
Last Update here
2020-01-02 (9 months ago)
2018-10-09 (2 years ago)
2019-06-21 (1 year ago)
2019-11-20 (11 months ago)
2020-10-14 (8 days ago)
2018-11-08 (1 year ago)
Author
Nicolas Giard
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Jeremy Ruston, TiddlyWiki community
XWiki Development Team
Dan Brown
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
AGPL-v3
GPL 2
GPL
BSD
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
MIT
Programming Language
Javascript
PHP
PHP
HTML, JavaScript
Java
PHP
Data Storage
Database, Files, other, RCS
Files
Database
Files
Database, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
0
0
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Beta
Intended Audience
Everyone
private, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
Individuals, private, small groups
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Small to mid-size groups and businesses
Hosting Features Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
System Requirements Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Operating System
All
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Any
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Linux, Windows and Unix variants
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
All
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Not required (optional backends available)
Servlet 3.0.1+
Apache, Nginx or others with PHP support
Other Requirements
Node.js
none
A common browser
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Command-line access, PHP7+
Datastorage Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Text Files
Yes
Yes
No
Optional
No
No
MySQL
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Oracle
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
SQLite
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
Optional
No
No
No
Plugin
No
Other
Compatible with MySQL, MariaDB, MS SQL Server, PostgreSQL or SQLite
None
No
Data self contained in html file OR as individual data files
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Local (built-in), Google, Facebook, Microsoft, GitHub, Azure AD, LDAP, OpenConnectID, Slack, Discord, Auth0, Keycloak, Okta, etc.
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
optional extensions available
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
LDAP, ActiveDirectory, Google, GitHub, GitLab, AzureAD, Slack and more
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
Yes
No
No
No
Mail Encryption
Yes
Optional
Plugin
No
Yes
No
nofollow
Yes
Optional
Optional
Unknown
No
No
Blacklist
No
Optional
Yes
No
Plugin
No
CAPTCHA
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Delayed Indexing
Optional
Optional
No
Unknown
Yes
No
Development/Support Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
11351 ⭐
3005 ⭐
N/A
5283 ⭐
N/A
5547 ⭐
Common Features Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Change Summary
No
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Restricted by Number
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Special Features Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Interface Languages
30
Arabic, Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Estonian, Persian, French, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
4
German, English, French, Japanese
39
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
15
Arabic, German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Polish, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Swedish, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
No
Optional
Optional
Unknown
Yes
No
Comments
Flat
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Plugin
Threaded
Flat
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Conflict Handling
None
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
None
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Concurrent Editing
No
No
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
No
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
No
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Links Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
Yes
No
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
InterWiki
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
SisterWiki
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Page Redirects
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Syntax Features Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
HTML Tags
All
Optional
Some
Optional
All
Optional
Math formulas
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
complex
simple + complex
simple
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Markdown Support
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
No
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Footnotes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Quoting
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
FAQ Tags
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Scripting
Optional, PHP
Optional
JavaScript
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
None
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Usability Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Section Editing
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
No
No
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Auto Signature
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
No
Statistics Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Orphaned Pages
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
No
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Analysis
Optional
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
No
Output Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
No
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
RSS Feeds
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
ATOM Feeds
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Optional
No
Abbreviations
Yes
Yes
No
Unknown
Plugin
No
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
No
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
No
No
Yes
Unknown
Yes
No
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Office Export
No
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Yes
No
Media and Files Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Embedded Flash
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Embedded Video
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
Yes
No
No
Yes
Plugin
No
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
No
MindMap Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Media Search
No
Filenames only
Keywords
No
Contents
Filenames only
Extras Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Calendar
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Image Galleries
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Presentations
No
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
No
Forums
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Blogs
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
No
Ticket System
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Chat
No
No
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
No
Syntax Examples Wiki.js DokuWiki MediaWiki TiddlyWiki XWiki BookStack
Internal Link
[Link Title](/link/to/page)
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
WikiWord (CamelCase)
[[link]]
[[label|link]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
External Link
[Link Title](https://wiki.js.org)
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
http://www.example.com
[[label|http://www.example.com]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
Headlines
# Header 1
## Header 2
### Header 3
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
Bold Format
**Bold Text**
**bold**
'''bold'''
''bold''
**bold**
Italics Format
*Italic Text*
//italics//
''italic''
//italic//
//Italics//
Underline Format
<u>Underline Text</u>
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
__underline__
Monospace Format
`Monospace Code`
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
{{{monospaced}}}
##monospace##
Strikethrough Format
~~Strikethrough Text~~
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
--strikethrough--
--Strike--
Superscript Format
^Superscript Text^
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
~Subscript Text~
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
~~subscript~~
,,subscript,,
Images
![Image Title](/path/to/image.png)
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
[img[local.jpg]]
[img[http://foo.bar/foo.jpg]]
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
using custom classes, e.g.
{{right{
text
}}}
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
N/A
: indented line
:indent

> quote

<<<
blockquote
<<<
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
- Item 1
- Item 2
- Item 3
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
2. Item 2
3. Item 3
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
Definition Lists
Plugin
; term : definition
; term
: description
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
---
----
----
----
----
remove Wiki.js remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove TiddlyWiki remove XWiki remove BookStack