XoWiki vs. JSPWiki vs. PhpWiki vs. XWiki vs. PmWiki vs. TWiki

General Features XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Version
0.113
2.10.0
phpwiki-1.3.14
13.4
2.2.139
TWiki-6.1.0
Last Release Date
2009-02-16 (12 years ago)
2014-01-31 (7 years ago)
2007-06-30 (13 years ago)
2021-05-23 (22 days ago)
2021-05-03 (1 month ago)
2018-07-15 (2 years ago)
Last Update here
2009-03-13 (12 years ago)
2014-02-02 (7 years ago)
2009-04-03 (12 years ago)
2021-05-24 (21 days ago)
2020-12-06 (6 months ago)
2019-07-19 (1 year ago)
Author
Prof. Gustaf Neumann
Apache Software Foundation
Steve Wainstead, Jeff Dairiki, Reini Urban, Carsten Klapp, Marc-Etienne Vargenau
XWiki Development Team
Patrick R. Michaud (Dev.: Petko Yotov)
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
BSD
Apache License 2.0
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL2+
GPL
Programming Language
XOTcl and Tcl
Java
PHP
Java
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Data Storage
Database
Database, Files
Database, Files, RCS
Database, RCS
Files
Files, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
Free
0
0
0
0
N/A
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
large and small organizations as well as individuals
all
Any
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
All
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Hosting Features XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
System Requirements XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Operating System
Unix, Linux, Mac OS X, Windows
any platform supporting JDK 1.5+
UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Root Access
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
AOLServer
any servlet 2.4+ compliant web server, e.g. Tomcat 5+, Jetty, Glassfish, Websphere
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support
Servlet 3.0.1+
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run w/o a webserver.
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Other Requirements
optional JavaMail for mailing functionality
various opt. helpers
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
none
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Datastorage XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Text Files
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
MySQL
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
PostgreSQL
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
No
Oracle
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
No
SQLite
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
No
BerkeleyDB
No
Plugin
Yes
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Other
page provider architecture -> several implementations
gdbm, cvs, MSSQL, ... (ADODB, PearDB)
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
Security/Anti-Spam XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
PAM, LDAP, Active Directory (LDAP)
JAAS -> interface to many external backends possible
db, session, pop, imap, ldap, file, webserver
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Host Blocking
Patch
Optional
No
No
Optional
Plugin
Mail Encryption
Unknown
Plugin
No
Yes
Optional
Yes
nofollow
Unknown
Optional
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Blacklist
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Delayed Indexing
Unknown
No
No
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Development/Support XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Freenode: #jspwiki
#phpwiki
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Unknown
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Unknown
Yes
No
No
Optional
No
Interface Languages
3
German, English, Spanish
10
Breton, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Dutch, Russian, Chinese
9
German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Swedish, Chinese Traditional
39
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Comments
Threaded
Flat
Plugin
Threaded
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Patch
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Structured Data
Yes
Yes
Patch
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
CamelCase
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Unknown
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Page Redirects
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Features XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
HTML Tags
Some
Optional
Some
All
Plugin
All
Math formulas
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Unknown
Yes
No
Yes
Optional
No
Markdown Support
No
No
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Textile Support
No
No
No
No
No
Plugin
BBCode Support
No
No
No
No
Plugin
No
Emoticon Images
Optional
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Footnotes
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Quoting
Unknown
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Internal Comments
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Scripting
Yes
plugins for JavaScript, TCL and Groovy
plugins, templates, PHP
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin)
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Content Includes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Usability XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Section Editing
Optional
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Optional
No
Optional
No
Plugin
Plugin
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Patch
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Statistics XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
No
Orphaned Pages
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Recent Visitors
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Analysis
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Output XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Unknown
No
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Themes & Skins
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Unknown
Yes
No
Optional
Optional
Yes
Abbreviations
Yes
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Raw Export
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Unknown
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
XML export
Unknown
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
PDF Export
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Yes
Plugin
Unknown
Media and Files XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Embedded Video
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Image Editing
Unknown
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
Unknown
No
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Unknown
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Contents
Contents
No
Contents
Filenames only
Contents
Extras XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Calendar
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Presentations
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Forums
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Unknown
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Ticket System
Unknown
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
No
Unknown
Syntax Examples XoWiki JSPWiki PhpWiki XWiki PmWiki TWiki
Internal Link
[link]
[text|link]
[text|wiki:link]
WikiWord or [somelink]
[ desc | pagename ]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[page name #anchor]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
External Link
[http://www.example.com/]
[example|http://www.example.com/]
[text|wiki:link]
http://someserver/someurl
[ desc | exturl ]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
Headlines
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!Headline1
!!Headline2
!Headline3
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
Bold Format
__bold__
*bold* or
<strong>bold</strong>
**bold**
'''bold'''
*bold*
Italics Format
''italics''
_italics_ or 
or
<em>italics</em>
//Italics//
''italic''
_italic_
Underline Format
%%(text-decoration: underline) text %%
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
{+underlined+}
<u>underline</u>
Monospace Format
{{monospace}}
<tt>monospace</tt>
<code>code</code>
<pre>preformatted</pre>
<verbatim>
unparsed text</verbatim>


##monospace##
@@monospace@@
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
Strikethrough Format
%%(text-decoration: line-through) deleted text %%
<strike>striked through</strike>
--Strike--
{-strikethrough-}
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
Superscript Format
%%(vertical-align: sup) text %%
<sup>above</sup>
^^superscript^^
'^superscript^'
<sup>superscript</sup>
Subscript Format
%%(vertical-align: sub) text %%
<sub>below</sub>
,,subscript,,
'_subscript_'
<sub>subscript</sub>
Images
[local.jpg]
[{Image src='local.jpg'}]
[{Image src='http://foo.bar/foo.jpg'}]
[ http://foo.org/1.jpg size=30%] 
external image
[Upload:view.jpg align=right size=50x40] 
view uploaded image
[Upload:view.jpg | http://server/external-linkjpg ] 
view and link to another image
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
Aligning Text
%%(text-align: right) text %%
<?plugin RawHtml <span align="right"> ?>right<?plugin RawHtml </span> ?>
or <div align="right"> right </div>

(% style="... css here..." %)Text
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
%lfloat% left floating text
%rfloat% right floating text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Text Indentation
%%(text-indent: 20px) 20 pixels %%
%%(text-indent: 30%) 30 percent %%
;: left indent
;;: more left indent

or 
paragraph
and another level 
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
-> indented text
--> more indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* list
or
- list
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
# list
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
Definition Lists
;term:definition
Term:<def>
def
; term
: definition
: term : definition
$ Term: Definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
----
---
remove XoWiki remove JSPWiki remove PhpWiki remove XWiki remove PmWiki remove TWiki