XWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. Confluence vs. MediaWiki vs. Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware vs. Wikia

General Features XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Version
11.9
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
5.2
1.32.2
18.2, 15.7 LTS, 12.14 LTS
N/A
Last Release Date
2019-10-28 (20 days ago)
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2013-08-12 (6 years ago)
2019-06-05 (5 months ago)
2018-07-31 (1 year ago)
N/A
Last Update here
2019-10-29 (19 days ago)
2018-10-09 (1 year ago)
2013-08-22 (6 years ago)
2019-06-21 (4 months ago)
2019-08-05 (3 months ago)
2013-02-18 (6 years ago)
Author
XWiki Development Team
Andreas Gohr
Atlassian
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Tiki Software Community Association
Wikia, Inc.
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
N/A
License
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL 2
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
GPL
LGPL
N/A
Programming Language
Java
PHP
Java
PHP
PHP
N/A
Data Storage
Database
Files
Database
Database
Database
N/A
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
0
$0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
N/A
Intended Audience
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
private, small to medium companies
Enterprise + Technical Teams
End Users/Desktop, Education
Needing not just a robust wiki, but a full-featured CMS/Groupware with a bug tracker, discussion forums, blogs, etc.
All users
Hosting Features XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Storage Quota
N/A
Unlimited
N/A
N/A
unlimited
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
unlimited
Other Limits
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
none
Topic Restrictions
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
hate speech, personal attacks, we believe in kindness
Corporate Branding
Yes
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Yes
Own Domain
Yes
N/A
Optional
N/A
N/A
Optional
Ads allowed
No
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
Yes
System Requirements XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Operating System
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, MacOS X and probably others
N/A
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
N/A
Webserver
Servlet 3.0.1+
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Apache Tomcat
Any with PHP support
Works on standard shared hosting
N/A
Other Requirements
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
none
None
N/A
Datastorage XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Text Files
No
Yes
No
No
No
N/A
MySQL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
N/A
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
N/A
Oracle
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
N/A
SQLite
No
No
No
Yes
No
N/A
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
N/A
RCS
No
No
No
No
No
N/A
Other
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
None
No
MariaDB
N/A
Security/Anti-Spam XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
Yes
SAML, OpenID, Active Directory, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, IMAP, InterTiki, POP3, Vpopmail, Basic HTTP authentication
N/A
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Mail Encryption
Yes
Optional
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
nofollow
No
Optional
Optional
Optional
Optional
Yes
Blacklist
Plugin
Optional
No
Yes
No
Yes
CAPTCHA
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Delayed Indexing
Yes
Optional
No
No
No
Optional
Development/Support XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
N/A
Code Repository
N/A
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
##wikia on freenode
Stars on GitHub
N/A
2632 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Special Features XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Interface Languages
39
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
35
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Basque, Persian, Finnish, French, Galician, Hebrew, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Swedish, Swahili, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
0
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Comments
Threaded
Plugin
Threaded
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Discussion Pages
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Plugin
No
Unknown
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Yes
N/A
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Links XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
Yes
No
Optional
Optional
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
Yes
No
No
No
No
Optional
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Page Redirects
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Syntax Features XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
HTML Tags
All
Optional
Optional
Some
Optional
Some
Math formulas
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Yes
Plugin
No
No
No
Optional
Markdown Support
Yes
Plugin
No
No
Yes
Optional
Textile Support
No
Plugin
Yes
No
No
Optional
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
Optional
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Footnotes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Scripting
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Optional, PHP
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Optional
Dynamic Variables more info ===>>
Yes
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Usability XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Section Editing
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
No
Optional
Optional
Yes
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
Statistics XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
Yes
No
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Output XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Abbreviations
Plugin
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Auto-TOC
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Office Export
Yes
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
No
Unknown
Media and Files XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Embedded Video
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Unknown
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Unknown
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Contents
Keywords
Contents
Keywords
Extras XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Blogs
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Unknown
Chat
Plugin
No
Unknown
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Syntax Examples XWiki DokuWiki Confluence MediaWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware Wikia
Internal Link
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
((Name of page))
or
((Name of page|link to a page))
or
(semantic(link to a page))
or, if activated:
CamelCase WikiWords
External Link
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
[http://example.org The title]
[http://example.com]
or
[http://example.com|label]
Headlines
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
-= Titlebar =-
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
Bold Format
**bold**
**bold**
*bold*
'''bold'''
__bold__
Italics Format
//Italics//
//italics//
_italics_
''italic''
''italic''
Underline Format
__underline__
__underlined__
+underline+
<u>underlined</u>
===underline===
Monospace Format
##monospace##
''monospace''
{{monospace}}
<tt>monospace</tt>
-+monospace+-
Strikethrough Format
--Strike--
<del>strikethrough</del>
-strikethrough-
<s>strikethrough</s>
--strike--
Superscript Format
^^superscript^^
<sup>superscript</sup>
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
{SUP()}text{SUP}
Subscript Format
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
~subscript~
<sub>subscript</sub>
{SUB()}text{SUB}
Images
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
{img src=http://foo.bar/foo.jpg}
Aligning Text
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
::centered text::
Text Indentation
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
N/A
: indented line
leading spaces, if activated.
Bulleted Lists
* List
** list
*** list
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
; term
: definition
Plugin
; term : definition
;term:definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
----
---
remove XWiki remove DokuWiki remove Confluence remove MediaWiki remove Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware remove Wikia