DokuWiki vs. Foswiki vs. PmWiki vs. TWiki vs. XWiki

General Features DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Version
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
2.1.8
2.3.34
TWiki-6.1.0
16.4.0
Last Release Date
2020-07-19 (3 years ago)
2023-08-05 (10 months ago)
2024-05-26 (18 days ago)
2018-07-15 (5 years ago)
2024-05-28 (16 days ago)
Last Update here
2021-08-09 (2 years ago)
2023-10-16 (7 months ago)
2024-05-27 (17 days ago)
2019-07-19 (4 years ago)
2024-05-30 (14 days ago)
Author
Andreas Gohr
Foswiki Community
Petko Yotov (Original author: Patrick R. Michaud)
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
XWiki Development Team
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL 2
GPL
GPL2+
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Programming Language
PHP
Perl
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Java
Data Storage
Files
Files, RCS
Files
Files, RCS
Database, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
0
$0
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
personal, small to medium companies
Enterprise, Corporate, Business, Intranets, Personal use, Community building, Educational, Intranet, Extranet
All
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Hosting Features DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
System Requirements DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Operating System
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and others
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Apache, Lighttpd, Nginx, or any other supporting (F)CGI
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run with PHP's built-in webserver.
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Servlet 3.1+
Other Requirements
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
none
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Datastorage DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Text Files
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
MySQL
No
No
Plugin
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
No
No
No
No
Yes
Oracle
No
No
No
No
Yes
SQLite
No
No
Plugin
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Other
None
caching of content into database using plugins
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Host Blocking
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
No
Mail Encryption
Optional
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
Blacklist
Optional
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
Optional
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Development/Support DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
3582 ⭐
97 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
No
Optional
No
No
Interface Languages
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
22
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Optional
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Page Locking
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
No
No
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
CamelCase
Optional
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
HTML Tags
Optional
All
Plugin
All
All
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Tables
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
No
Yes
Markdown Support
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Textile Support
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Scripting
Optional, PHP
JavaScript; Topic Markup Language
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin), Data forms (optional)
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Content Includes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Usability DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Section Editing
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Toolbar
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Statistics DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Plugin
No
Optional
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Output DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Abbreviations
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
XML export
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Office Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Media and Files DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Filenames only
Contents
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Extras DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Forums
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
No
No
No
Unknown
Plugin
Syntax Examples DokuWiki Foswiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki
Internal Link
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[#anchor]]
[[#anchor|link to anchor]]
[[page name #anchor]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
External Link
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
External Link
http://foswiki.org/ autolink
[[http://foswiki.org/][label]]
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
Headlines
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
Bold Format
**bold**
*bold*
'''bold'''
*bold*
**bold**
Italics Format
//italics//
_italic_
''italic''
_italic_
//Italics//
Underline Format
__underlined__
<u>underline</u>
{+underlined+}
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
Monospace Format
''monospace''
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
@@monospace@@
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
##monospace##
Strikethrough Format
<del>strikethrough</del>
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
{-strikethrough-}
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--Strike--
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
'^superscript^'
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
'_subscript_'
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
%IMAGE{"image.png"}%
https://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg"alt/title text" | Caption
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
Plugin
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
%lfloat% left floating text
%rfloat% right floating text
%rframe% right floating frame
%lframe% left floating frame
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
N/A
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
-> indented text
--> more indentation
-< hanging text
--< more indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
alternatively, indented:
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
Numbered Lists
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
alternatively, indented:
# Item 1
# Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
Definition Lists
Plugin
$ Term: Definition
: term : definition
$ Term: Definition
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
----
---
----
---
----
remove DokuWiki remove Foswiki remove PmWiki remove TWiki remove XWiki