Foswiki vs. DokuWiki vs. PmWiki vs. TWiki vs. XWiki vs. PhpWiki

General Features Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Version
2.1.8
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
2.3.33
TWiki-6.1.0
16.3.1
phpwiki-1.3.14
Last Release Date
2023-08-05 (9 months ago)
2020-07-19 (3 years ago)
2024-04-20 (1 month ago)
2018-07-15 (5 years ago)
2024-05-09 (16 days ago)
2007-06-30 (16 years ago)
Last Update here
2023-10-16 (7 months ago)
2021-08-09 (2 years ago)
2024-05-21 (4 days ago)
2019-07-19 (4 years ago)
2024-05-13 (12 days ago)
2009-04-03 (15 years ago)
Author
Foswiki Community
Andreas Gohr
Petko Yotov (Original author: Patrick R. Michaud)
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
XWiki Development Team
Steve Wainstead, Jeff Dairiki, Reini Urban, Carsten Klapp, Marc-Etienne Vargenau
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL
GPL 2
GPL2+
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL
Programming Language
Perl
PHP
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Java
PHP
Data Storage
Files, RCS
Files
Files
Files, RCS
Database, RCS
Database, Files, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
$0
0
0
N/A
0
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Enterprise, Corporate, Business, Intranets, Personal use, Community building, Educational, Intranet, Extranet
personal, small to medium companies
All
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Any
Hosting Features Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
System Requirements Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Operating System
Linux, Windows, OS-X and others
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, Lighttpd, Nginx, or any other supporting (F)CGI
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run with PHP's built-in webserver.
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Servlet 3.1+
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support
Other Requirements
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
none
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
various opt. helpers
Datastorage Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Text Files
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
MySQL
No
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
PostgreSQL
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Oracle
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
SQLite
No
No
Plugin
No
No
Yes
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
RCS
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Other
caching of content into database using plugins
None
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
gdbm, cvs, MSSQL, ... (ADODB, PearDB)
Security/Anti-Spam Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
db, session, pop, imap, ldap, file, webserver
Host Blocking
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
No
No
Mail Encryption
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
No
nofollow
Yes
Optional
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Blacklist
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Delayed Indexing
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Plugin
Yes
No
Development/Support Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
#phpwiki
Stars on GitHub
97 ⭐
3582 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
Optional
No
No
No
Interface Languages
22
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
9
German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Swedish, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Threaded
Plugin
Categories
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Conflict Handling
Page Locking
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
No
No
Yes
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Patch
Links Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Syntax Features Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
HTML Tags
All
Optional
Plugin
All
All
Some
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
No
Yes
No
Markdown Support
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Textile Support
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
No
BBCode Support
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
Scripting
JavaScript; Topic Markup Language
Optional, PHP
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin), Data forms (optional)
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
plugins, templates, PHP
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Usability Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Section Editing
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Optional
Toolbar
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Patch
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Statistics Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
No
Plugin
Optional
No
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Output Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Printer Friendly
Print View
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
No
Abbreviations
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Office Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Media and Files Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Embedded Video
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
No
Extras Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Galleries
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Blogs
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Chat
No
No
No
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Syntax Examples Foswiki DokuWiki PmWiki TWiki XWiki PhpWiki
Internal Link
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[#anchor]]
[[#anchor|link to anchor]]
[[page name #anchor]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
WikiWord or [somelink]
[ desc | pagename ]
External Link
External Link
http://foswiki.org/ autolink
[[http://foswiki.org/][label]]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
http://someserver/someurl
[ desc | exturl ]
Headlines
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
!!!Headline1
!!Headline2
!Headline3
Bold Format
*bold*
**bold**
'''bold'''
*bold*
**bold**
*bold* or
<strong>bold</strong>
Italics Format
_italic_
//italics//
''italic''
_italic_
//Italics//
_italics_ or 
or
<em>italics</em>
Underline Format
<u>underline</u>
__underlined__
{+underlined+}
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
<u>underlined</u>
Monospace Format
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
''monospace''
@@monospace@@
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
##monospace##
<tt>monospace</tt>
<code>code</code>
<pre>preformatted</pre>
<verbatim>
unparsed text</verbatim>


Strikethrough Format
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
<del>strikethrough</del>
{-strikethrough-}
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--Strike--
<strike>striked through</strike>
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
'^superscript^'
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
<sup>above</sup>
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
'_subscript_'
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
<sub>below</sub>
Images
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
%IMAGE{"image.png"}%
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
https://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg"alt/title text" | Caption
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
[ http://foo.org/1.jpg size=30%] 
external image
[Upload:view.jpg align=right size=50x40] 
view uploaded image
[Upload:view.jpg | http://server/external-linkjpg ] 
view and link to another image
Aligning Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Plugin
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
%lfloat% left floating text
%rfloat% right floating text
%rframe% right floating frame
%lframe% left floating frame
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
<?plugin RawHtml <span align="right"> ?>right<?plugin RawHtml </span> ?>
or <div align="right"> right </div>

Text Indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
N/A
-> indented text
--> more indentation
-< hanging text
--< more indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
;: left indent
;;: more left indent

or 
paragraph
and another level 
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
alternatively, indented:
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* list
or
- list
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
alternatively, indented:
# Item 1
# Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# list
Definition Lists
$ Term: Definition
Plugin
: term : definition
$ Term: Definition
; term
: definition
Term:<def>
def
Horizontal Rule
---
----
----
---
----
----
remove Foswiki remove DokuWiki remove PmWiki remove TWiki remove XWiki remove PhpWiki