MediaWiki vs. TWiki vs. XWiki

General Features MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Version
1.32.2
TWiki-6.1.0
12.2.1
Last Release Date
2019-06-05 (10 months ago)
2018-07-15 (1 year ago)
2020-04-05 (4 days ago)
Last Update here
2019-06-21 (9 months ago)
2019-07-19 (8 months ago)
2020-04-06 (3 days ago)
Author
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
XWiki Development Team
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Programming Language
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Java
Data Storage
Database
Files, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
End Users/Desktop, Education
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Hosting Features MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
Yes
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
Yes
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
No
System Requirements MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Operating System
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Root Access
No
No
No
Webserver
Any with PHP support
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Servlet 3.0.1+
Other Requirements
none
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Datastorage MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Text Files
No
Yes
No
MySQL
Yes
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
Yes
Oracle
Yes
No
Yes
SQLite
Yes
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
RCS
No
Yes
No
Other
No
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
No
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Yes
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Host Blocking
Yes
Plugin
No
Mail Encryption
Plugin
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Optional
Plugin
No
Blacklist
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
No
Plugin
Yes
Development/Support MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
No
No
Interface Languages
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
39
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Optional
Yes
Yes
Comments
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Links MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
CamelCase
No
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
No
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
HTML Tags
Some
All
All
Math formulas
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Tables
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
No
Yes
Markdown Support
No
No
Yes
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Optional
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
No
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
Yes
Plugin
Scripting
Optional
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Content Includes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Usability MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Section Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Optional
Plugin
No
Toolbar
Yes
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
No
Statistics MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
Optional
Yes
Yes
Output MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
No
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Optional
Abbreviations
No
Plugin
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
Plugin
Yes
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Office Export
Unknown
Unknown
Yes
Media and Files MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Keywords
Contents
Contents
Extras MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
Forums
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
No
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
No
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
Unknown
Plugin
Syntax Examples MediaWiki TWiki XWiki
Internal Link
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
External Link
[http://example.org The title]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
Headlines
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
Bold Format
'''bold'''
*bold*
**bold**
Italics Format
''italic''
_italic_
//Italics//
Underline Format
<u>underlined</u>
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
Monospace Format
<tt>monospace</tt>
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
##monospace##
Strikethrough Format
<s>strikethrough</s>
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--Strike--
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
[[Image:wiki.png]]
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
<center>Centered</center>
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
: indented line
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
Numbered Lists
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
Definition Lists
; term : definition
$ Term: Definition
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
----
---
----
remove MediaWiki remove TWiki remove XWiki