TracWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. XWiki vs. TWiki vs. PhpWiki

General Features TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Version
0.11.5
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
1.32.2
11.9
TWiki-6.1.0
phpwiki-1.3.14
Last Release Date
2009-02-16 (10 years ago)
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2019-06-05 (5 months ago)
2019-10-28 (21 days ago)
2018-07-15 (1 year ago)
2007-06-30 (12 years ago)
Last Update here
2009-09-04 (10 years ago)
2018-10-09 (1 year ago)
2019-06-21 (4 months ago)
2019-10-29 (20 days ago)
2019-07-19 (3 months ago)
2009-04-03 (10 years ago)
Author
Edgewall Software
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
XWiki Development Team
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Steve Wainstead, Jeff Dairiki, Reini Urban, Carsten Klapp, Marc-Etienne Vargenau
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
Modified BSD license
GPL 2
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL
GPL
Programming Language
Python
PHP
PHP
Java
Perl, JavaScript
PHP
Data Storage
Database
Files
Database
Database
Files, RCS
Database, Files, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
0
N/A
0
Development status
Beta
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Software development teams
private, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Any
Hosting Features TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
N/A
System Requirements TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Operating System
Linux distributions, Mac OS X, FreeBSD, NetBSD and MS Windows
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, Standalone (builtin)
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Servlet 3.0.1+
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support
Other Requirements
Python, setuptools, Genshi, SQLite or PostgreSQL or MySQL
none
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
various opt. helpers
Datastorage TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Text Files
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
MySQL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Oracle
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
SQLite
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
RCS
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Other
0
None
No
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
gdbm, cvs, MSSQL, ... (ADODB, PearDB)
Security/Anti-Spam TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
File, Database, LDAP (all webserver dependant)
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
db, session, pop, imap, ldap, file, webserver
Host Blocking
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
No
Mail Encryption
No
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
nofollow
Yes
Optional
Optional
No
Plugin
Yes
Blacklist
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
No
Optional
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Development/Support TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
#phpwiki
Stars on GitHub
N/A
2632 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Interface Languages
141
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Javanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
39
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
9
German, English, Spanish, French, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Swedish, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Threaded
Plugin
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Conflict Handling
Conflict Detection
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Patch
Links TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
Yes
No
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
HTML Tags
Some
Optional
Some
All
All
Some
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
No
Yes
No
No
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
No
Yes
No
No
Textile Support
Yes
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
No
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Scripting
yes, using Python
Optional, PHP
Optional
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
plugins, templates, PHP
Content Includes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Usability TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Section Editing
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
Page Templates
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
Optional
No
Plugin
Optional
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Patch
Access Keys
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Statistics TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
No
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Output TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Themes & Skins
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
No
Abbreviations
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
No
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
No
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
MindMap Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Media Search
No
Filenames only
Keywords
Contents
Contents
No
Extras TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Calendar
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Galleries
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Blogs
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
Yes
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Chat
Unknown
No
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples TracWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki TWiki PhpWiki
Internal Link
CamelCase
[wiki:ISO9000]
[wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
WikiWord or [somelink]
[ desc | pagename ]
External Link
[http://www.edgewall.com/ Edgewall Software]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
http://someserver/someurl
[ desc | exturl ]
Headlines
= Level 1 =
== Level 2 ==
=== Level 3 ===
=== Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
!!!Headline1
!!Headline2
!Headline3
Bold Format
'''bold'''
**bold**
'''bold'''
**bold**
*bold*
*bold* or
<strong>bold</strong>
Italics Format
''italic''
//italics//
''italic''
//Italics//
_italic_
_italics_ or 
or
<em>italics</em>
Underline Format
__underline__
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
<u>underline</u>
<u>underlined</u>
Monospace Format
{{{monospace}}}
`monospace`
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
##monospace##
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
<tt>monospace</tt>
<code>code</code>
<pre>preformatted</pre>
<verbatim>
unparsed text</verbatim>


Strikethrough Format
~~strike-through~~
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
--Strike--
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
<strike>striked through</strike>
Superscript Format
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>above</sup>
Subscript Format
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>below</sub>
Images
[[Image(photo.jpg)]]                           # simplest
[[Image(photo.jpg, 120px)]]                    # with size
[[Image(photo.jpg, right)]]                    # aligned by keyword
[[Image(photo.jpg, nolink)]]                   # without link
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
[ http://foo.org/1.jpg size=30%] 
external image
[Upload:view.jpg align=right size=50x40] 
view uploaded image
[Upload:view.jpg | http://server/external-linkjpg ] 
view and link to another image
Aligning Text
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
<?plugin RawHtml <span align="right"> ?>right<?plugin RawHtml </span> ?>
or <div align="right"> right </div>

Text Indentation
N/A
: indented line
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
;: left indent
;;: more left indent

or 
paragraph
and another level 
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 1
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* list
or
- list
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
1. Item 1.1
1. Item 1
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
# list
Definition Lists
term::
definition
Plugin
; term : definition
; term
: definition
$ Term: Definition
Term:<def>
def
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
----
---
----
remove TracWiki remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove XWiki remove TWiki remove PhpWiki