TWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. PmWiki vs. XWiki vs. JSPWiki

General Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Version
TWiki-6.1.0
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
1.32.2
2.3.7
14.5
2.11.0
Last Release Date
2018-07-15 (3 years ago)
2020-07-19 (1 year ago)
2019-06-05 (3 years ago)
2022-06-27 (7 days ago)
2022-06-27 (7 days ago)
2021-11-21 (7 months ago)
Last Update here
2019-07-19 (2 years ago)
2021-08-09 (10 months ago)
2019-06-21 (3 years ago)
2020-12-06 (1 year ago)
2022-06-28 (6 days ago)
2021-12-01 (7 months ago)
Author
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Petko Yotov (Original author: Patrick R. Michaud)
XWiki Development Team
Apache Software Foundation
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
GPL
GPL 2
GPL
GPL2+
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Apache License 2.0
Programming Language
Perl, JavaScript
PHP
PHP
PHP
Java
Java
Data Storage
Files, RCS
Files
Database
Files
Database, RCS
Database, Files
License Cost/ Fee
N/A
0
0
0
0
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
personal, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
All
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
all
Hosting Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
System Requirements TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Operating System
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
any platform supporting JDK 1.8+
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run w/o a webserver.
Servlet 3.1+
Any servlet 3.1 compliant web server, e.g. Tomcat 8.5+, Jetty, Glassfish, Websphere
Other Requirements
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
none
none
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
optional JavaMail for mailing functionality
Datastorage TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Text Files
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
MySQL
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
PostgreSQL
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
Optional
Oracle
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
Optional
SQLite
No
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Optional
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
Optional
RCS
Yes
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Other
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
None
No
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
JDBC driver must be provided manually; also Page provider architecture -> several implementations
Security/Anti-Spam TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
JAAS -> interface to many external backends possible
Host Blocking
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
No
Optional
Mail Encryption
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Plugin
nofollow
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Yes
No
Optional
Blacklist
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Delayed Indexing
Plugin
Optional
No
Optional
Yes
Yes
Development/Support TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Freenode: #jspwiki
Stars on GitHub
N/A
3285 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
Interface Languages
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
10
Breton, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Dutch, Russian, Chinese
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Optional
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Comments
Threaded
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Flat
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Unknown
Yes
Plugin
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Patch
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
No
Optional
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
HTML Tags
All
Optional
Some
Plugin
All
Optional
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
No
Optional
Yes
Yes
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Textile Support
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
No
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Scripting
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Optional, PHP
Optional
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin)
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
plugins for JavaScript, TCL and Groovy
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Usability TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Section Editing
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
No
No
Toolbar
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Optional
Statistics TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
No
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Recent Visitors
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
No
Output TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Printer Friendly
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Abbreviations
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
XML export
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Media and Files TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Embedded Video
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
No
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Keywords
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Extras TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Blogs
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Chat
Unknown
No
Unknown
No
Plugin
Unknown
Syntax Examples TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki XWiki JSPWiki
Internal Link
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[page name #anchor]]
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[link]
[text|link]
[text|wiki:link]
External Link
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
[http://www.example.com/]
[example|http://www.example.com/]
[text|wiki:link]
Headlines
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
Bold Format
*bold*
**bold**
'''bold'''
'''bold'''
**bold**
__bold__
Italics Format
_italic_
//italics//
''italic''
''italic''
//Italics//
''italics''
Underline Format
<u>underline</u>
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
{+underlined+}
__underline__
%%(text-decoration: underline) text %%
Monospace Format
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
@@monospace@@
##monospace##
{{monospace}}
Strikethrough Format
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
{-strikethrough-}
--Strike--
%%(text-decoration: line-through) deleted text %%
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
'^superscript^'
^^superscript^^
%%(vertical-align: sup) text %%
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
'_subscript_'
,,subscript,,
%%(vertical-align: sub) text %%
Images
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
[local.jpg]
[{Image src='local.jpg'}]
[{Image src='http://foo.bar/foo.jpg'}]
Aligning Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
%lfloat% left floating text
%rfloat% right floating text
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
%%(text-align: right) text %%
Text Indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
N/A
: indented line
-> indented text
--> more indentation
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
%%(text-indent: 20px) 20 pixels %%
%%(text-indent: 30%) 30 percent %%
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
$ Term: Definition
Plugin
; term : definition
: term : definition
; term
: definition
;term:definition
Horizontal Rule
---
----
----
----
----
----
remove TWiki remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove PmWiki remove XWiki remove JSPWiki