Wiki.js vs. Foswiki vs. PmWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. TWiki

General Features Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Version
2.5.299
2.1.8
2.3.33
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
TWiki-6.1.0
Last Release Date
2023-06-02 (11 months ago)
2023-08-05 (9 months ago)
2024-04-20 (1 month ago)
2020-07-19 (3 years ago)
2018-07-15 (5 years ago)
Last Update here
2023-07-30 (9 months ago)
2023-10-16 (7 months ago)
2024-05-21 (4 days ago)
2021-08-09 (2 years ago)
2019-07-19 (4 years ago)
Author
Nicolas Giard
Foswiki Community
Petko Yotov (Original author: Patrick R. Michaud)
Andreas Gohr
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
AGPL-v3
GPL
GPL2+
GPL 2
GPL
Programming Language
Javascript
Perl
PHP
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Data Storage
Database, Files, other, RCS
Files, RCS
Files
Files
Files, RCS
License Cost/ Fee
0
$0
0
0
N/A
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Everyone
Enterprise, Corporate, Business, Intranets, Personal use, Community building, Educational, Intranet, Extranet
All
personal, small to medium companies
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
System Requirements Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Operating System
All
Linux, Windows, OS-X and others
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
All
Apache, Lighttpd, Nginx, or any other supporting (F)CGI
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run with PHP's built-in webserver.
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Other Requirements
Node.js
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
none
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Datastorage Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Text Files
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
MySQL
Yes
No
Plugin
No
No
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
No
No
No
Oracle
No
No
No
No
No
SQLite
Yes
No
Plugin
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
Optional
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Other
Compatible with MySQL, MariaDB, MS SQL Server, PostgreSQL or SQLite
caching of content into database using plugins
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
None
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
Security/Anti-Spam Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Local (built-in), Google, Facebook, Microsoft, GitHub, Azure AD, LDAP, OpenConnectID, Slack, Discord, Auth0, Keycloak, Okta, etc.
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Mail Encryption
Yes
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
nofollow
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Blacklist
No
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Plugin
CAPTCHA
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Delayed Indexing
Optional
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Plugin
Development/Support Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
19117 ⭐
97 ⭐
N/A
3582 ⭐
N/A
Common Features Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
No
Optional
Yes
No
Interface Languages
54
Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, French, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Cambodian, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Mongolian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
22
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
No
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Comments
Flat
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Plugin
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Detection
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
No
No
Yes
No
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Structured Data
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Links Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
CamelCase
Yes
Yes
Optional
Optional
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Page Redirects
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Syntax Features Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
HTML Tags
All
All
Plugin
Optional
All
Math formulas
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
No
Markdown Support
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Footnotes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Scripting
JS, CSS
JavaScript; Topic Markup Language
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin), Data forms (optional)
Optional, PHP
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Content Includes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Feed Aggregation
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Usability Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Section Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Toolbar
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Plugin
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Statistics Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
No
No
Optional
Plugin
No
Orphaned Pages
No
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Most/Least Popular
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Analysis
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Output Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Print CSS
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
No
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
No
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Abbreviations
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
XML export
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Office Export
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Media and Files Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
No
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Embedded Video
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Image Editing
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
No
Contents
Filenames only
Filenames only
Contents
Extras Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Calendar
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Presentations
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Forums
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Blogs
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Ticket System
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
No
No
No
No
Unknown
Syntax Examples Wiki.js Foswiki PmWiki DokuWiki TWiki
Internal Link
[Link Title](/link/to/page)
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[#anchor]]
[[#anchor|link to anchor]]
[[page name #anchor]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
External Link
[Link Title](https://wiki.js.org)
External Link
http://foswiki.org/ autolink
[[http://foswiki.org/][label]]
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
Headlines
# Header 1
## Header 2
### Header 3
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
Bold Format
**Bold Text**
*bold*
'''bold'''
**bold**
*bold*
Italics Format
*Italic Text*
_italic_
''italic''
//italics//
_italic_
Underline Format
<u>Underline Text</u>
<u>underline</u>
{+underlined+}
__underlined__
<u>underline</u>
Monospace Format
`Monospace Code`
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
@@monospace@@
''monospace''
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
Strikethrough Format
~~Strikethrough Text~~
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
{-strikethrough-}
<del>strikethrough</del>
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
Superscript Format
^Superscript Text^
<sup>superscript</sup>
'^superscript^'
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
Subscript Format
~Subscript Text~
<sub>subscript</sub>
'_subscript_'
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
Images
![Image Title](/path/to/image.png)
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
%IMAGE{"image.png"}%
https://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg"alt/title text" | Caption
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
Aligning Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
%lfloat% left floating text
%rfloat% right floating text
%rframe% right floating frame
%lframe% left floating frame
Plugin
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Text Indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
-> indented text
--> more indentation
-< hanging text
--< more indentation
N/A
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Bulleted Lists
- Item 1
- Item 2
- Item 3
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
alternatively, indented:
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
2. Item 2
3. Item 3
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
alternatively, indented:
# Item 1
# Item 1.1
# Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
Definition Lists
$ Term: Definition
: term : definition
Plugin
$ Term: Definition
Horizontal Rule
---
---
----
----
---
remove Wiki.js remove Foswiki remove PmWiki remove DokuWiki remove TWiki