Confluence vs. DokuWiki vs. TWiki vs. XWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. Wikidot

General Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Version
5.2
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
TWiki-6.1.0
16.4.0
1.32.2
Last Release Date
2013-08-12 (10 years ago)
2020-07-19 (3 years ago)
2018-07-15 (5 years ago)
2024-05-28 (16 days ago)
2019-06-05 (5 years ago)
Last Update here
2013-08-22 (10 years ago)
2021-08-09 (2 years ago)
2019-07-19 (4 years ago)
2024-05-30 (14 days ago)
2019-06-21 (4 years ago)
2009-12-09 (14 years ago)
Author
Atlassian
Andreas Gohr
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
XWiki Development Team
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Michal Frackowiak
URL
Free and Open Source
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
GPL 2
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL
AGPLv3
Programming Language
Java
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
Java
PHP
Data Storage
Database
Files
Files, RCS
Database, RCS
Database
Database
License Cost/ Fee
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
N/A
0
0
Free / Paid Accounts (starts from $5 per month)
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Enterprise + Technical Teams
personal, small to medium companies
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
End Users/Desktop, Education
companies, private users, social groups and communities, software developers, tech geeks
Hosting Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Storage Quota
Unlimited
N/A
N/A
N/A
1500MB for free users, more for Pro accounts
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
no limit
Other Limits
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
max uploaded file size limit
Topic Restrictions
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
by Terms Of Service
Corporate Branding
Yes
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Yes
Own Domain
Optional
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Yes
Ads allowed
No
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
Yes
System Requirements Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Operating System
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache Tomcat
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Servlet 3.1+
Any with PHP support
Other Requirements
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
none
Datastorage Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Text Files
No
Yes
Yes
No
No
Unknown
MySQL
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Unknown
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Oracle
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Unknown
SQLite
No
No
No
No
Yes
Unknown
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
Unknown
RCS
No
No
Yes
Plugin
No
Unknown
Other
None
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
No
Security/Anti-Spam Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Authentication Backends
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Yes
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Mail Encryption
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
nofollow
Optional
Optional
Plugin
No
Optional
Yes
Blacklist
No
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
CAPTCHA
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
No
Optional
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Development/Support Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
3582 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Special Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Interface Languages
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
2
English, Polish
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Comments
Threaded
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Links Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
No
No
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
Plugin
Yes
No
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
No
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
HTML Tags
Optional
Optional
All
All
Some
None
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
No
Yes
No
No
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
No
Yes
No
No
Textile Support
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
No
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
No
No
Scripting
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Optional, PHP
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Optional
CSS styles, embeddable JavaScript, reporting language
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Usability Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Section Editing
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Optional
No
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Statistics Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Recent Visitors
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
No
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Output Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Optional
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
No
Abbreviations
No
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
XML export
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
No
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Embedded Flash
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Keywords
No
Extras Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Blogs
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Chat
Unknown
No
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples Confluence DokuWiki TWiki XWiki MediaWiki Wikidot
Internal Link
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
[[[page-name]]] or
[[[page-name|anchor]]]
External Link
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
[http://example.org The title]
http://www.wikimatrix.org or 
[http://www.wikimatrix.org WikiMatrix]
Headlines
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
+++ headline level 3
Bold Format
*bold*
**bold**
*bold*
**bold**
'''bold'''
**bold text**
Italics Format
_italics_
//italics//
_italic_
//Italics//
''italic''
//italic text//
Underline Format
+underline+
__underlined__
<u>underline</u>
__underline__
<u>underlined</u>
__underlined text__
Monospace Format
{{monospace}}
''monospace''
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
##monospace##
<tt>monospace</tt>
{{monospaced text}}
Strikethrough Format
-strikethrough-
<del>strikethrough</del>
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--Strike--
<s>strikethrough</s>
--strikethrough text--
Superscript Format
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
~subscript~
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
Images
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
[[Image:wiki.png]]
[[image src="..."]]
Aligning Text
Plugin
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
<center>Centered</center>
= Centered line
Text Indentation
N/A
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
: indented line
> First level of indentation
>> Second level of indentation.
Bulleted Lists
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* element 1
* element 2
Numbered Lists
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# element 1
# element 1
Definition Lists
Plugin
$ Term: Definition
; term
: definition
; term : definition
: item : description
Horizontal Rule
----
----
---
----
----
----
remove Confluence remove DokuWiki remove TWiki remove XWiki remove MediaWiki remove Wikidot