DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. XWiki vs. Confluence

General Features DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Version
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
1.32.2
11.5
5.2
Last Release Date
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2019-06-05 (1 month ago)
2019-06-24 (28 days ago)
2013-08-12 (5 years ago)
Last Update here
2018-10-09 (9 months ago)
2019-06-21 (1 month ago)
2019-06-25 (27 days ago)
2013-08-22 (5 years ago)
Author
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
XWiki Development Team
Atlassian
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
License
GPL 2
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
Programming Language
PHP
PHP
Java
Java
Data Storage
Files
Database
Database
Database
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
0
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
private, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Enterprise + Technical Teams
Hosting Features DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
Unlimited
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
No
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
No
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
Yes
Yes
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
Yes
Optional
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
No
No
System Requirements DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Operating System
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Root Access
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Servlet 3.0+
Apache Tomcat
Other Requirements
none
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
Datastorage DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Text Files
Yes
No
No
No
MySQL
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
PostgreSQL
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Oracle
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
SQLite
No
Yes
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
No
No
Other
None
No
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Security/Anti-Spam DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
Host Blocking
Plugin
Yes
No
No
Mail Encryption
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Optional
nofollow
Optional
Optional
No
Optional
Blacklist
Optional
Yes
Plugin
No
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Delayed Indexing
Optional
No
Yes
No
Development/Support DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
Yes
No
No
Interface Languages
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Comments
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
No
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Links DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
CamelCase
Optional
No
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
SisterWiki
No
No
Yes
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Features DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
HTML Tags
Optional
Some
All
Optional
Math formulas
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Tables
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Markdown Support
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Textile Support
Plugin
No
No
Yes
BBCode Support
Plugin
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Footnotes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Quoting
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Custom styles
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Scripting
Optional, PHP
Optional
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Content Includes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Usability DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Section Editing
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Optional
No
No
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
No
No
Statistics DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
Plugin
Yes
No
Analysis
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Yes
Output DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Abbreviations
Yes
No
Plugin
No
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Office Export
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Media and Files DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Embedded Video
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
SVG Editing
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Filenames only
Keywords
Contents
Contents
Extras DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Forums
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
No
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Syntax Examples DokuWiki MediaWiki XWiki Confluence
Internal Link
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
External Link
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
Headlines
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
Bold Format
**bold**
'''bold'''
**bold**
*bold*
Italics Format
//italics//
''italic''
//Italics//
_italics_
Underline Format
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
+underline+
Monospace Format
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
##monospace##
{{monospace}}
Strikethrough Format
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
--Strike--
-strikethrough-
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
^superscript^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
~subscript~
Images
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
Aligning Text
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
Text Indentation
N/A
: indented line
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
Bulleted Lists
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
Numbered Lists
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
Definition Lists
Plugin
; term : definition
; term
: definition
Horizontal Rule
----
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remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove XWiki remove Confluence