TWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. Confluence vs. TracWiki

General Features TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Version
TWiki-6.0.0
1.20.1
5.2
0.11.5
Last Release Date
2013-10-13 (5 years ago)
2012-11-29 (5 years ago)
2018-08-13 (2 months ago)
2009-02-16 (9 years ago)
Last Update here
2013-10-22 (4 years ago)
2012-11-30 (5 years ago)
2013-08-22 (5 years ago)
2009-09-04 (9 years ago)
Author
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Atlassian
Edgewall Software
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
License
GPL
GPL
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
Modified BSD license
Programming Language
Perl, JavaScript
PHP
Java
Python
Data Storage
Files, RCS
Database
Database
Database
License Cost/ Fee
N/A
0
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Beta
Intended Audience
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
End Users/Desktop, Education
Enterprise + Technical Teams
Software development teams
Hosting Features TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
Unlimited
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
Optional
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
System Requirements TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Operating System
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Linux distributions, Mac OS X, FreeBSD, NetBSD and MS Windows
Root Access
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Almost any webserver, typically Apache 1.3/2.0
Any with PHP support
Apache Tomcat
Apache, Standalone (builtin)
Other Requirements
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
none
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
Python, setuptools, Genshi, SQLite or PostgreSQL or MySQL
Datastorage TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Text Files
Yes
No
No
No
MySQL
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
PostgreSQL
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Oracle
No
Yes
Yes
No
SQLite
No
Yes
No
Yes
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
RCS
Yes
No
No
No
Other
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
No
0
Security/Anti-Spam TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Yes
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
File, Database, LDAP (all webserver dependant)
Host Blocking
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Mail Encryption
Yes
Plugin
Optional
No
nofollow
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Yes
Blacklist
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Delayed Indexing
Plugin
No
No
No
Development/Support TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
No
Yes
Interface Languages
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
141
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Javanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Comments
Threaded
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Plugin
Categories
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Links TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
CamelCase
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
SisterWiki
Plugin
No
No
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
HTML Tags
All
Some
Optional
Some
Math formulas
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
No
No
No
Markdown Support
No
No
No
No
Textile Support
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
BBCode Support
No
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Quoting
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
No
Yes
No
Scripting
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Optional
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
yes, using Python
Content Includes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Usability TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Section Editing
Plugin
Yes
No
No
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Optional
No
No
Toolbar
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
No
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
No
No
Statistics TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
No
Yes
Yes
No
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Most/Least Popular
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Recent Visitors
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Analysis
Yes
Optional
Yes
No
Output TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Printer Friendly
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Abbreviations
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
XML export
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Embedded Video
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
No
Image Editing
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
SVG Editing
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Media Search
Contents
Keywords
Contents
No
Extras TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Image Galleries
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Presentations
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Blogs
Plugin
No
Yes
No
Ticket System
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Chat
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples TWiki MediaWiki Confluence TracWiki
Internal Link
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
CamelCase
[wiki:ISO9000]
[wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
External Link
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[http://example.org The title]
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
[http://www.edgewall.com/ Edgewall Software]
Headlines
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
= Level 1 =
== Level 2 ==
=== Level 3 ===
=== Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
Bold Format
*bold*
'''bold'''
*bold*
'''bold'''
Italics Format
_italic_
''italic''
_italics_
''italic''
Underline Format
<u>underline</u>
<u>underlined</u>
+underline+
__underline__
Monospace Format
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
<tt>monospace</tt>
{{monospace}}
{{{monospace}}}
`monospace`
Strikethrough Format
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
<s>strikethrough</s>
-strikethrough-
~~strike-through~~
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
^superscript^
^superscript^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
~subscript~
,,subscript,,
Images
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
[[Image:wiki.png]]
[[Image(photo.jpg)]]                           # simplest
[[Image(photo.jpg, 120px)]]                    # with size
[[Image(photo.jpg, right)]]                    # aligned by keyword
[[Image(photo.jpg, nolink)]]                   # without link
Aligning Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
<center>Centered</center>
Text Indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
: indented line
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 1
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
1. Item 1
1. Item 1.1
1. Item 1
Definition Lists
$ Term: Definition
; term : definition
term::
definition
Horizontal Rule
---
----
----
----
remove TWiki remove MediaWiki remove Confluence remove TracWiki