XWiki vs. TWiki vs. Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware

General Features XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Version
16.4.0
TWiki-6.1.0
26.2, 24.6 LTS, 21.9 LTS
Last Release Date
2024-05-28 (16 days ago)
2018-07-15 (5 years ago)
2023-11-15 (6 months ago)
Last Update here
2024-05-30 (14 days ago)
2019-07-19 (4 years ago)
2024-04-01 (2 months ago)
Author
XWiki Development Team
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Tiki Software Community Association
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
LGPL + Free hosting on https://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
GPL
LGPL
Programming Language
Java
Perl, JavaScript
PHP
Data Storage
Database, RCS
Files, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Needing not just a robust wiki, but a full-featured CMS/Groupware with a bug tracker, discussion forums, blogs, etc.
Hosting Features XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
Yes
N/A
N/A
Own Domain
Yes
N/A
N/A
Ads allowed
No
N/A
N/A
System Requirements XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Operating System
Any platform supporting Java 11 or greater
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, MacOS X and probably others
Root Access
No
No
No
Webserver
Servlet 3.1+
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Works on standard shared hosting
Other Requirements
Java 11, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
None
Datastorage XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Text Files
No
Yes
No
MySQL
Yes
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
No
Oracle
Yes
No
No
SQLite
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
RCS
Plugin
Yes
No
Other
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
MariaDB
Security/Anti-Spam XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
SAML, OpenID Connect, Active Directory, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, IMAP, InterTiki, Vpopmail, Basic HTTP authentication
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
Yes
Mail Encryption
Yes
Yes
Yes
nofollow
No
Plugin
Optional
Blacklist
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
CAPTCHA
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
Yes
Plugin
No
Development/Support XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
No
Yes
Interface Languages
40
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Uighur, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
35
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Basque, Persian, Finnish, French, Galician, Hebrew, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Swedish, Swahili, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Yes
Yes
Yes
Comments
Threaded
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Concurrent Editing
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Yes
Yes
Yes
Links XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
CamelCase
Yes
Yes
Optional
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
HTML Tags
All
All
Optional
Math formulas
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
Yes
No
No
Markdown Support
Yes
No
Yes
Textile Support
No
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Scripting
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Dynamic Variables more info ===>>
Content Includes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Usability XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Section Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
Optional
Toolbar
Yes
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Yes
Optional
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
Yes
Statistics XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
Yes
Yes
Yes
Output XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Optional
Yes
Yes
Abbreviations
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Auto-TOC
Optional
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
Plugin
Yes
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Office Export
Yes
Unknown
No
Media and Files XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
Media Search
Contents
Contents
Contents
Extras XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Forums
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Blogs
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Chat
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Syntax Examples XWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Internal Link
XWiki supports 16+ input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, markdown, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
((Name of page))
or
((Name of page|link to a page))
or
(semantic(link to a page))
or, if activated:
CamelCase WikiWords
External Link
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[http://example.com]
or
[http://example.com|label]
Headlines
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
-= Titlebar =-
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
Bold Format
**bold**
*bold*
__bold__
Italics Format
//Italics//
_italic_
''italic''
Underline Format
__underline__
<u>underline</u>
===underline===
Monospace Format
##monospace##
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
-+monospace+-
Strikethrough Format
--Strike--
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--strike--
Superscript Format
^^superscript^^
<sup>superscript</sup>
{SUP()}text{SUP}
Subscript Format
,,subscript,,
<sub>subscript</sub>
{SUB()}text{SUB}
Images
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
{img src=http://foo.bar/foo.jpg}
Aligning Text
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
::centered text::
Text Indentation
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
leading spaces, if activated.
Bulleted Lists
* List
** list
*** list
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
; term
: definition
$ Term: Definition
;term:definition
Horizontal Rule
----
---
---
remove XWiki remove TWiki remove Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware