Confluence vs. DokuWiki vs. TWiki vs. Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware

General Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Version
5.2
2020-07-29 "Hogfather"
TWiki-6.1.0
26.2, 24.6 LTS, 21.9 LTS
Last Release Date
2013-08-12 (10 years ago)
2020-07-19 (3 years ago)
2018-07-15 (5 years ago)
2023-11-15 (7 months ago)
Last Update here
2013-08-22 (10 years ago)
2021-08-09 (2 years ago)
2019-07-19 (4 years ago)
2024-04-01 (2 months ago)
Author
Atlassian
Andreas Gohr
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Tiki Software Community Association
URL
Free and Open Source
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
License
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
GPL 2
GPL
LGPL
Programming Language
Java
PHP
Perl, JavaScript
PHP
Data Storage
Database
Files
Files, RCS
Database
License Cost/ Fee
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
N/A
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Enterprise + Technical Teams
personal, small to medium companies
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
Needing not just a robust wiki, but a full-featured CMS/Groupware with a bug tracker, discussion forums, blogs, etc.
Hosting Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Storage Quota
Unlimited
N/A
N/A
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
Topic Restrictions
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
Corporate Branding
Yes
N/A
N/A
N/A
Own Domain
Optional
N/A
N/A
N/A
Ads allowed
No
N/A
N/A
N/A
System Requirements Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Operating System
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, MacOS X and probably others
Root Access
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache Tomcat
Apache, IIS, Nginx, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Works on standard shared hosting
Other Requirements
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
None
Datastorage Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Text Files
No
Yes
Yes
No
MySQL
Yes
No
No
Yes
PostgreSQL
Yes
No
No
No
Oracle
Yes
No
No
No
SQLite
No
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
Yes
No
Other
None
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
MariaDB
Security/Anti-Spam Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
SAML, OpenID Connect, Active Directory, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, IMAP, InterTiki, Vpopmail, Basic HTTP authentication
Host Blocking
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Mail Encryption
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
nofollow
Optional
Optional
Plugin
Optional
Blacklist
No
Optional
Plugin
Optional
CAPTCHA
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Delayed Indexing
No
Optional
Plugin
No
Development/Support Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
3582 ⭐
N/A
N/A
Common Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
No
Yes
Interface Languages
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
68
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bengali; Bangla, Catalan, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Frisian, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Malayalam, Marathi, Malay, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
35
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Basque, Persian, Finnish, French, Galician, Hebrew, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Swedish, Swahili, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Comments
Threaded
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Unknown
Yes
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Links Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
Yes
Optional
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
SisterWiki
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
HTML Tags
Optional
Optional
All
Optional
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
No
No
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Textile Support
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Scripting
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Optional, PHP
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Dynamic Variables more info ===>>
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Usability Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Section Editing
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
No
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Statistics Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
No
No
Plugin
Yes
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Output Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Abbreviations
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
PDF Export
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
No
Media and Files Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Embedded Video
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
No
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Extras Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Galleries
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Blogs
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Chat
Unknown
No
Unknown
Yes
Syntax Examples Confluence DokuWiki TWiki Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Internal Link
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
((Name of page))
or
((Name of page|link to a page))
or
(semantic(link to a page))
or, if activated:
CamelCase WikiWords
External Link
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[http://example.com]
or
[http://example.com|label]
Headlines
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
-= Titlebar =-
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
Bold Format
*bold*
**bold**
*bold*
__bold__
Italics Format
_italics_
//italics//
_italic_
''italic''
Underline Format
+underline+
__underlined__
<u>underline</u>
===underline===
Monospace Format
{{monospace}}
''monospace''
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
-+monospace+-
Strikethrough Format
-strikethrough-
<del>strikethrough</del>
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
--strike--
Superscript Format
^superscript^
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
{SUP()}text{SUP}
Subscript Format
~subscript~
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
{SUB()}text{SUB}
Images
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
{img src=http://foo.bar/foo.jpg}
Aligning Text
Plugin
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
::centered text::
Text Indentation
N/A
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
leading spaces, if activated.
Bulleted Lists
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
Plugin
$ Term: Definition
;term:definition
Horizontal Rule
----
----
---
---
remove Confluence remove DokuWiki remove TWiki remove Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware