TWiki vs. DokuWiki vs. MediaWiki vs. PmWiki vs. Confluence vs. Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware

General Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Version
TWiki-6.1.0
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
1.32.2
2.2.109
5.2
18.2, 15.7 LTS, 12.14 LTS
Last Release Date
2018-07-15 (1 year ago)
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2019-06-05 (5 months ago)
2018-07-08 (1 year ago)
2013-08-12 (6 years ago)
2018-07-31 (1 year ago)
Last Update here
2019-07-19 (3 months ago)
2018-10-09 (1 year ago)
2019-06-21 (4 months ago)
2018-10-26 (1 year ago)
2013-08-22 (6 years ago)
2019-08-05 (3 months ago)
Author
Peter Thoeny, TWiki community
Andreas Gohr
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
Patrick R. Michaud (Dev.: Petko Yotov)
Atlassian
Tiki Software Community Association
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
License
GPL
GPL 2
GPL
GPL2+
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
LGPL
Programming Language
Perl, JavaScript
PHP
PHP
PHP
Java
PHP
Data Storage
Files, RCS
Files
Database
Files
Database
Database
License Cost/ Fee
N/A
0
0
0
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
Large enterprise; small to medium businesses
private, small to medium companies
End Users/Desktop, Education
All
Enterprise + Technical Teams
Needing not just a robust wiki, but a full-featured CMS/Groupware with a bug tracker, discussion forums, blogs, etc.
Hosting Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Storage Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Unlimited
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Yes
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Optional
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
No
N/A
System Requirements TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Operating System
Linux, Windows, OS-X and other
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Linux, FreeBSD, Windows, MacOS X and probably others
Root Access
No
No
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Almost any webserver, typically Apache and Ngnix
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Any with PHP support
Apache, IIS, anything with PHP support. Can also be run w/o a webserver.
Apache Tomcat
Works on standard shared hosting
Other Requirements
RCS (optional), cron/scheduler, fgrep, egrep; Plugins may have additional dependencies
none
none
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
None
Datastorage TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Text Files
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
MySQL
No
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
PostgreSQL
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
Oracle
No
No
Yes
No
Yes
No
SQLite
No
No
Yes
Plugin
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
No
No
RCS
Yes
No
No
Plugin
No
No
Other
RcsLite Perl library for version control without external RCS; backend API for other storage
None
No
Compressed, XML and/or ephemeral files (modules). Can provide custom data backends.
MariaDB
Security/Anti-Spam TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Authentication Backends
Internal authentication; anything Apache supports such as LDAP, NIS, AD, Kerberos
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
Yes
Internal: per page, per group, per user, per user group. External: .htpasswd, LDAP, Active Directory. Plugins: Mailman, forums w/MySQL, oAuth, custom possible.
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
SAML, OpenID, Active Directory, LDAP, Shibboleth, CAS, IMAP, InterTiki, POP3, Vpopmail, Basic HTTP authentication
Host Blocking
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
Mail Encryption
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Yes
nofollow
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Yes
Optional
Optional
Blacklist
Plugin
Optional
Yes
Optional
No
No
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Delayed Indexing
Plugin
Optional
No
Optional
No
No
Development/Support TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
Stars on GitHub
N/A
2632 ⭐
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
No
Yes
Yes
Optional
No
Yes
Interface Languages
19
Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, German, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Swedish, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Breton, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Persian, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Macedonian, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Albanian, Swedish, Tamil, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
35
Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Basque, Persian, Finnish, French, Galician, Hebrew, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian, Swedish, Swahili, Ukrainian, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
Email notification
Yes
Optional
Optional
Optional
Yes
Yes
Comments
Threaded
Plugin
Discussion Pages
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Categories
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Detection
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
No
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Yes
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Optional
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Structured Data
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Links TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
CamelCase
Yes
Optional
No
Optional
Yes
Optional
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
SisterWiki
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
No
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Syntax Features TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
HTML Tags
All
Optional
Some
Plugin
Optional
Optional
Math formulas
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
CREOLE support
No
Plugin
No
Optional
No
No
Markdown Support
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Textile Support
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Yes
No
BBCode Support
No
Plugin
No
Plugin
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Footnotes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Quoting
Yes
Yes
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Scripting
TWiki Markup Language, TWiki variables, JavaScript, extensive API
Optional, PHP
Optional
MarkupExpressions (core, many add-ons). PageLists with templates (core structured data scripting). WikiSh (plugin)
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
Dynamic Variables more info ===>>
Content Includes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Usability TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Section Editing
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
No
Yes
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
No
Optional
Toolbar
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
WYSIWYG Editing
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Statistics TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
No
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Recent Visitors
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
No
Yes
Analysis
Yes
Plugin
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Output TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Printer Friendly
Print View
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print View
Print CSS
Print View
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
Plugin
No
Optional
Plugin
Yes
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Abbreviations
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
No
Yes
Auto-TOC
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
XML export
Plugin
No
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
PDF Export
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
No
Media and Files TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Embedded Video
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
No
No
Plugin
Yes
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Contents
Filenames only
Keywords
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
Extras TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Image Galleries
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Yes
Forums
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Blogs
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Chat
Unknown
No
Unknown
No
Unknown
Yes
Syntax Examples TWiki DokuWiki MediaWiki PmWiki Confluence Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
Internal Link
WikiWord autolink
Otherweb.WikiWord
[[Spaced text]]
[[WikiWord][label]]
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
[[page name]]
[[page name | link text]]
[[link text -> page name]]
[[page name #anchor]]
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
((Name of page))
or
((Name of page|link to a page))
or
(semantic(link to a page))
or, if activated:
CamelCase WikiWords
External Link
http://twiki.org/ autolink
[[http://twiki.org/][label]]
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[http://example.org The title]
http://....
[[http://... | link text]]
[[link text -> http://...]]
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
[http://example.com]
or
[http://example.com|label]
Headlines
---+ Level 1
---++ Level 2
---+++ Level 3
---++++ Level 4
---+++++ Level 5
---++++++ Level 6
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
-= Titlebar =-
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
Bold Format
*bold*
**bold**
'''bold'''
'''bold'''
*bold*
__bold__
Italics Format
_italic_
//italics//
''italic''
''italic''
_italics_
''italic''
Underline Format
<u>underline</u>
__underlined__
<u>underlined</u>
{+underlined+}
+underline+
===underline===
Monospace Format
=monospaced text= and
<verbatim>
multi line text
</verbatim>
''monospace''
<tt>monospace</tt>
@@monospace@@
{{monospace}}
-+monospace+-
Strikethrough Format
<strike>strikethrough</strike>
<del>strikethrough</del>
<s>strikethrough</s>
{-strikethrough-}
-strikethrough-
--strike--
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
<sup>superscript</sup>
'^superscript^'
^superscript^
{SUP()}text{SUP}
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
<sub>subscript</sub>
'_subscript_'
~subscript~
{SUB()}text{SUB}
Images
%ATTACHURL%/image.png
http://any.domain/image.png
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
[[Image:wiki.png]]
http://foo.bar/foo.jpg
Attach:foo.jpg
{img src=http://foo.bar/foo.jpg}
Aligning Text
| left |   center   |   right |
or HTML
or CSS
Plugin
<center>Centered</center>
%center% centered text
%right% right aligned
::centered text::
Text Indentation
<blockquote>
multi line text
</blockquote>
N/A
: indented line
-> indented text
leading spaces, if activated.
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
* Item 1.1
* Item 2
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
1. Item 1
a. Item 1.a
1. Item 2
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
$ Term: Definition
Plugin
; term : definition
: term : definition
;term:definition
Horizontal Rule
---
----
----
----
----
---
remove TWiki remove DokuWiki remove MediaWiki remove PmWiki remove Confluence remove Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware