DokuWiki vs. XWiki vs. Confluence vs. TiddlyWiki

General Features DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Version
2018-04-22a "Greebo"
11.5
5.2
5.1.13
Last Release Date
2018-05-02 (1 year ago)
2019-06-24 (28 days ago)
2013-08-12 (5 years ago)
2016-06-24 (3 years ago)
Last Update here
2018-10-09 (9 months ago)
2019-06-25 (27 days ago)
2013-08-22 (5 years ago)
2016-09-17 (2 years ago)
Author
Andreas Gohr
XWiki Development Team
Atlassian
Jeremy Ruston, TiddlyWiki community
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
License
GPL 2
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
BSD
Programming Language
PHP
Java
Java
HTML, JavaScript
Data Storage
Files
Database
Database
Files
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
private, small to medium companies
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Enterprise + Technical Teams
Individuals, private, small groups
Hosting Features DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
Unlimited
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
No
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
No
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
Yes
Yes
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
Yes
Optional
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
No
No
N/A
System Requirements DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Operating System
Linux, UNIX, Windows, MacOS X, probably others
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Any
Root Access
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Apache, IIS, Lighttpd, anything with PHP support
Servlet 3.0+
Apache Tomcat
Not required (optional backends available)
Other Requirements
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
A common browser
Datastorage DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Text Files
Yes
No
No
Optional
MySQL
No
Yes
Yes
No
PostgreSQL
No
Yes
Yes
No
Oracle
No
Yes
Yes
No
SQLite
No
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
No
No
Other
None
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Self contained in html file
Security/Anti-Spam DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Authentication Backends
Textfile, LDAP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, ActiveDirectory
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
optional extensions available
Host Blocking
Plugin
No
No
No
Mail Encryption
Optional
Yes
Optional
No
nofollow
Optional
No
Optional
Unknown
Blacklist
Optional
Plugin
No
No
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Delayed Indexing
Optional
Yes
No
Unknown
Development/Support DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
#tiddlywiki on Freenode (irc://irc.freenode.net/tiddlywiki)
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
No
No
Yes
Interface Languages
55
Afrikaans, Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Faroese, French, Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Cambodian, Korean, Kurdish, Latin, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Macedonian, Marathi, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Slovenian, Albanian, Serbian, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
4
German, English, French, Japanese
Email notification
Optional
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Comments
Plugin
Threaded
Threaded
Plugin
Categories
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Conflict Handling
Page Locking
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
No
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Links DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
CamelCase
Optional
Yes
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
SisterWiki
No
Yes
No
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Redirects
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Syntax Features DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
HTML Tags
Optional
All
Optional
Optional
Math formulas
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple
simple + complex
simple + complex
complex
CREOLE support
Plugin
Yes
No
Plugin
Markdown Support
Plugin
Yes
No
Yes
Textile Support
Plugin
No
Yes
No
BBCode Support
Plugin
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Highlighting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Footnotes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Quoting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Custom styles
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Scripting
Optional, PHP
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
JavaScript
Content Includes
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Usability DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Section Editing
Yes
Yes
No
Plugin
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Plugin
No
No
Yes
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
No
No
Plugin
Statistics DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
No
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Recent Visitors
No
Yes
No
No
Analysis
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Output DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Unknown
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Abbreviations
Yes
Plugin
No
Unknown
Auto-TOC
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
No
Yes
Yes
Unknown
PDF Export
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Office Export
Plugin
Yes
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Embedded Flash
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Embedded Video
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
SVG Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Filenames only
Contents
Contents
No
Extras DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Presentations
Plugin
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Ticket System
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
No
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples DokuWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Internal Link
[[a Link]]
[[namespace:link]]
[[link|With a Title]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
WikiWord (CamelCase)
[[link]]
[[label|link]]
External Link
[[http://example.com]]
[[http://example.com|With a Title]]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
http://www.example.com
[[label|http://www.example.com]]
Headlines
====== Level 1 ======
===== Level 2 =====
==== Level 3 ====
=== Level 4 ===
== Level 5 ==
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
Bold Format
**bold**
**bold**
*bold*
''bold''
Italics Format
//italics//
//Italics//
_italics_
//italic//
Underline Format
__underlined__
__underline__
+underline+
__underline__
Monospace Format
''monospace''
##monospace##
{{monospace}}
{{{monospaced}}}
Strikethrough Format
<del>strikethrough</del>
--Strike--
-strikethrough-
--strikethrough--
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
^superscript^
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
~subscript~
~~subscript~~
Images
{{local.jpg}}
{{http://foo.bar/baz.jpg}}
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
[img[local.jpg]]
[img[http://foo.bar/foo.jpg]]
Aligning Text
Plugin
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
using custom classes, e.g.
{{right{
text
}}}
Text Indentation
N/A
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
:indent

> quote

<<<
blockquote
<<<
Bulleted Lists
* item 1
* item 1.1
* item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
- item 1
- item 1.1
- item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
Plugin
; term
: definition
; term
: description
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
----
remove DokuWiki remove XWiki remove Confluence remove TiddlyWiki