MediaWiki vs. XWiki vs. Confluence vs. TiddlyWiki

General Features MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Version
1.32.2
11.5
5.2
5.1.13
Last Release Date
2019-06-05 (1 month ago)
2019-06-24 (28 days ago)
2013-08-12 (5 years ago)
2016-06-24 (3 years ago)
Last Update here
2019-06-21 (1 month ago)
2019-06-25 (27 days ago)
2013-08-22 (5 years ago)
2016-09-17 (2 years ago)
Author
Magnus Manske, Brion Vibber, Lee Daniel Crocker, Tim Starling, Erik Möller, and others.
XWiki Development Team
Atlassian
Jeremy Ruston, TiddlyWiki community
URL
Free and Open Source
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
License
GPL
LGPL + Free hosting on http://myxwiki.org for individuals/non profit
Commercial + Free personal/open source project/community use
BSD
Programming Language
PHP
Java
Java
HTML, JavaScript
Data Storage
Database
Database
Database
Files
License Cost/ Fee
0
0
starting at US $10 installed (unlimited wikis)
0
Development status
Mature
Mature
Mature
Mature
Intended Audience
End Users/Desktop, Education
Enterprise, Workgroups, Developers
Enterprise + Technical Teams
Individuals, private, small groups
Hosting Features MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Storage Quota
N/A
Unlimited
N/A
Bandwidth Quota
N/A
N/A
Other Limits
N/A
No
N/A
Topic Restrictions
N/A
No
N/A
Corporate Branding
N/A
Yes
Yes
N/A
Own Domain
N/A
Yes
Optional
N/A
Ads allowed
N/A
No
No
N/A
System Requirements MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Operating System
*nix, Windows, Mac OS X
Any platform supporting JDK 1.8 or greater
Windows, Linux and Unix variants
Any
Root Access
No
No
No
No
Webserver
Any with PHP support
Servlet 3.0+
Apache Tomcat
Not required (optional backends available)
Other Requirements
none
Java 1.8, MySQL/HSQLDB/etc (JDBC Driver required)
Oracle JDK 1.6.0_4+
A common browser
Datastorage MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Text Files
No
No
No
Optional
MySQL
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
PostgreSQL
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Oracle
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
SQLite
Yes
No
No
No
BerkeleyDB
No
No
No
No
RCS
No
No
No
No
Other
No
JDBC Databases and in general any database supported by Hibernate; any custom implementation, as the storage is pluggable. Attachments can be saved on the filesystem
Self contained in html file
Security/Anti-Spam MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Page Permissions
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
ACL
No
Yes
Yes
No
Authentication Backends
Yes
XWiki, LDAP, custom (Open API), Kerberos, NTLM, Headers, PUMA, SAML, Trusted LDAP, Sun SSO
LDAP, NTLM, Siteminder, CAS and more
optional extensions available
Host Blocking
Yes
No
No
No
Mail Encryption
Plugin
Yes
Optional
No
nofollow
Optional
No
Optional
Unknown
Blacklist
Yes
Plugin
No
No
CAPTCHA
Plugin
Yes
Yes
No
Delayed Indexing
No
Yes
No
Unknown
Development/Support MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
# of Consultants
Preconfigured Hosting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Code Repository
Issue Tracker
Mailing List
Support Forum
Chat Channel
#tiddlywiki on Freenode (irc://irc.freenode.net/tiddlywiki)
Stars on GitHub
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Common Features MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Preview
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Minor Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Change Summary
Yes
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Page History
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Page Revisions
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Unlimited
Revision Diffs
Between all
Between all
Between all
Between all
Sitemap
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin System
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Special Features MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Unicode Support
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Right-to-Left Support
Yes
No
No
Yes
Interface Languages
140
Afar, Abkhazian, Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Assamese, Aymara, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Byelorussian, Bulgarian, Bihari, Bislama, Bengali; Bangla, Tibetan, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Czech, Welsh, Danish, German, Bhutani, Greek, English, Esperanto, Spanish, Estonian, Basque, Persian, Finnish, Fiji, Faroese, French, Frisian, Irish, Scots Gaelic, Galician, Guarani, Gujarati, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Armenian, Interlingua, Indonesian, Interlingue, Inupiak, Icelandic, Italian, Inuktitut, Japanese, Georgian, Kazakh, Greenlandic, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Kirghiz, Latin, Lingala, Laothian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Lettish, Malagasy, Maori, Macedonian, Malayalam, Mongolian, Moldavian, Marathi, Malay, Maltese, Burmese, Nauru, Nepali, Dutch, Norwegian, Occitan, Oromo, Oriya, Punjabi, Polish, Pashto, Pushto, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Quechua, Rhaeto-Romance, Kirundi, Romanian, Russian, Kinyarwanda, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Sangho, Serbo-Croatian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Samoan, Shona, Somali, Albanian, Serbian, Siswati, Sesotho, Sundanese, Swedish, Swahili, Tamil, Telugu, Tajik, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkmen, Tagalog, Setswana, Tonga, Turkish, Tsonga, Tatar, Twi, Uighur, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Volapuk, Wolof, Xhosa, Yiddish, Yoruba, Zhuang, Chinese, Chinese Traditional, Zulu
38
Arabic, Bulgarian, Catalan, Czech, Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Persian, French, Galician, Hindi, Croatian, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Cambodian, Kannada, Korean, Latvian, Lettish, Marathi, Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
15
Danish, German, Greek, English, Spanish, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, Swahili, Chinese, Chinese Traditional
4
German, English, French, Japanese
Email notification
Optional
Yes
Yes
Unknown
Comments
Discussion Pages
Threaded
Threaded
Plugin
Categories
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Namespaces
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Conflict Handling
Conflict Resolution
Page Locking
Conflict Resolution
Concurrent Editing
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Search
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Full Text
Wiki Farming
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Structured Data
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Links MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
CamelCase
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Freelinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Backlinks
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
InterWiki
Yes
Yes
Optional
Plugin
SisterWiki
No
Yes
No
No
Image Links
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Windows Shares
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Page Redirects
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Syntax Features MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
HTML Tags
Some
All
Optional
Optional
Math formulas
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Tables
simple + complex
simple + complex
simple + complex
complex
CREOLE support
No
Yes
No
Plugin
Markdown Support
No
Yes
No
Yes
Textile Support
No
No
Yes
No
BBCode Support
No
No
No
No
Emoticon Images
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Syntax Highlighting
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Footnotes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Plugin
Quoting
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Internal Comments
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Yes
Custom styles
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
FAQ Tags
No
Plugin
Yes
Plugin
Scripting
Optional
velocity, groovy, ruby, jython, generic JSR223 & very powerful API
Macros, plugins, widgets, JavaScript and more
JavaScript
Content Includes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Feed Aggregation
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Usability MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Section Editing
Yes
Yes
No
Plugin
Page Templates
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Double-Click Edit
Optional
No
No
Yes
Toolbar
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
WYSIWYG Editing
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Access Keys
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Auto Signature
Yes
No
No
Plugin
Statistics MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Recent Changes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Wanted Pages
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Orphaned Pages
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Most/Least Popular
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Recent Visitors
Plugin
Yes
No
No
Analysis
Optional
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Output MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Printer Friendly
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Print CSS
Mobile Friendly
No
Yes
Plugin
Unknown
Themes & Skins
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
RSS Feeds
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
ATOM Feeds
Yes
Optional
Yes
Plugin
Abbreviations
No
Plugin
No
Unknown
Auto-TOC
Yes
Optional
Yes
Yes
Raw Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
HTML Export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XML export
Yes
Yes
Yes
Unknown
PDF Export
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Office Export
Unknown
Yes
Unknown
Unknown
Media and Files MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
File Attachments
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Media Revisions
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Embedded Flash
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Embedded Video
Plugin
Yes
Yes
Yes
Image Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Yes
SVG Editing
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
MindMap Editing
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Media Search
Keywords
Contents
Contents
No
Extras MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Calendar
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Image Galleries
Yes
Yes
Yes
Plugin
Presentations
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Forums
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Blogs
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Ticket System
No
Plugin
Plugin
Plugin
Chat
Unknown
Plugin
Unknown
Unknown
Syntax Examples MediaWiki XWiki Confluence TiddlyWiki
Internal Link
[[a link]]
[[a link|with title]]
XWiki supports 16 input syntaxes (e.g. confluence, twiki, docbook, mediawiki, xwiki, etc), see http://rendering.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome#HSupportedSyntaxes for details.

The syntax documented below is XWiki Syntax 2.1 (http://platform.xwiki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/XWikiSyntax).

[[wiki syntax here>>Space.Page]]
[[Space.Page]]
(Space is optional and is the current space if not specified)
[Page Title]
[Link Title|Page Title#anchor]
[~username]
[^attachment.doc]
WikiWord (CamelCase)
[[link]]
[[label|link]]
External Link
[http://example.org The title]
[[wiki syntax here>>http://www.xwiki.com]]
http://www.xwiki.com
[http://www.example.com]
[Link Title|http://www.example.com]
[Shortcut Link|PageName@otherwiki]
http://www.example.com
[[label|http://www.example.com]]
Headlines
==Section==
===Subsection===
====Sub-subsection====
= Headline
== Subheadline
=== Sub-subheadline
==== etc..
h1. Top Level Heading
h2. Smaller Heading
h6. Smallest Heading
! Level 1
!! Level 2
!!! Level 3
!!!! Level 4
!!!!! Level 5
Bold Format
'''bold'''
**bold**
*bold*
''bold''
Italics Format
''italic''
//Italics//
_italics_
//italic//
Underline Format
<u>underlined</u>
__underline__
+underline+
__underline__
Monospace Format
<tt>monospace</tt>
##monospace##
{{monospace}}
{{{monospaced}}}
Strikethrough Format
<s>strikethrough</s>
--Strike--
-strikethrough-
--strikethrough--
Superscript Format
<sup>superscript</sup>
^^superscript^^
^superscript^
^^superscript^^
Subscript Format
<sub>subscript</sub>
,,subscript,,
~subscript~
~~subscript~~
Images
[[Image:wiki.png]]
image:img.png
image:Space.Page@img.png
[[image:img.png||width="25" height="25"]]
image:http://some/url/img.png

Starting with the xwiki/2.1 syntax, also:
image:icon:cancel
[img[local.jpg]]
[img[http://foo.bar/foo.jpg]]
Aligning Text
<center>Centered</center>
(% style="... css here..." %)Text
using custom classes, e.g.
{{right{
text
}}}
Text Indentation
: indented line
Non-semantic text indentation through styling:

(% style="... css here..." %)multi line text

Quotes:

> This is a quoted text
:indent

> quote

<<<
blockquote
<<<
Bulleted Lists
* Item 1
** Item 1.2
* Item 2
* List
** list
*** list
* one
** one-two
* two
* three
* Item 1
** Item 1.1
* Item 2
Numbered Lists
# Item 1
## Item 1.2
# Item 2
1. Item 1
11. Item 2
111. Item 3
1. Item 4
# one
## one-two
# two
# three
# Item 1
## Item 1.1
# Item 2
Definition Lists
; term : definition
; term
: definition
; term
: description
Horizontal Rule
----
----
----
----
remove MediaWiki remove XWiki remove Confluence remove TiddlyWiki